Topic : History of Management Theory
Choosing any New Zealand based organization to discuss evidence of the principles of the administrative theory in their business operations.
“Administrative principle is a sub-field of the classical management perspective that focused on the total organization rather than the individual worker, delineating the management functions of planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating and controlling.” (Samson, D. & Daft, R. L., 2005, p.57) Henri Fayol, Chester I. Banard, Max Weber and Mary Parker Follett are the contributors to this theory. In this essay two principles of Fayol’s theory and how does his theory apply fast food restaurant McDonald’s in New Zealand.
Administrative management is “in contrast to scientific management” (Gale Group, Inc., 2000, p.832). Scientific management mainly focuses on individual level of workers and analyzing the work at the individual level. On the contrary, administrative management focuses on the general of total organization (Samson, D. & Daft, R. L., 2005). Administrative theory is quite crucial to the management for an organization. It is because we need not only the details, but also how it works literally.
Henri Fayol (1841-1925) is the major contributor to this theory. He was a French coal-mining firm’s managing director, and also “classified as members of the classical school of management, which tried to develop rational techniques and single best approaches to managing organizations.” (Gale Group, Inc., 2000, p.88) In Administration Industrielle et Generale, a classic 1916 book, he presented five elements or functions of management, they are planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating and controlling. He supposed all managers should include these five functions. Also, he presented fourteen “general principles of management”...