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  • Topic: Mathematics education, Multiplication, Sixth grade
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  • Published : January 2, 2013
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Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
Region IV – A (CALABARZON)
Division of Tayabas City
Tayabas West District
GIBANGA ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Gibanga, Tayabas City

ACTION RESEARCH

Title:THE EFFECTIVE WAYS TO IMPROVE THE MULTIPLICATION SKILLS OF GRADE 5 & 6 MULTIGRADE STUDENTS

Abstract:

An action research was performed with the main aim of investigating ways of improving multi-grade school pupils conceptual understanding of multiplication. 26 pupils in multi-grade class participated in this action research project. This action research involved pupils in answering pre-test and post-test on multiplication. Pupils also reflected on their progress and the success of their studying strategies. The revise teaching of multiplication was integrated with the various techniques to perform children’s activities which have the potential to develop conceptual understanding of the subject. The data collected indicated that some pupils improved their understanding but some pupils needs more time to re-learn the subject. This research only presents some practical solutions proposed within the time available.

Background of Research

Gibanga Elementary School comprises of pupils from various backgrounds. The pupils are placed based on their achievement in 1st grading examination. There were 2 pupils in grade 5 and 4 pupils in grade 6 who have 80% above in their class card while the others have 79% below. So, I decided to do a research towards pupils whose grade is 79% below which a bit weak in mathematics facts, especially multiplication and search for solutions to increase their ability and understanding in multiplication facts. The primary purpose of this action research study was to see whether the choice of strategies can foster pupil confidence and independence in learning mathematics.

Problem Statement

20 pupils from grade 5 and grade 6 in Gibanga Elementary School were experiencing a problem to master the multiplication concept and skill were taught and learnt effectively as intended. There were several pupils still unable to recall rapidly the multiplication facts. There is a strong need to improve pupils’ mathematical understanding. The goal of this action research was to improve the multiplication skill for grade 5 and 6 pupils and enhance their learning.

Respondent

This action research project involved one Mathematics teacher and one class of pupils (26 pupils) at Gibanga Elementary School, Brgy. Gibanga, Tayabas City. 20 out 26 pupils were mostly the weakest especially in Mathematics.

Activity
OBJECTIVE| TARGET SUBJECT| ACTIVITIES| Time Frame| RESOURCES| EXPECTED OUTPUT| | | | | HUMAN| MATERIAS| |
To improve the multiplication skill for grade 5 and 6 pupils and enhance their learning using different strategies| Grade 5 and 6 pupils of Gibanga Elementary School| * Giving different approaches using materials * Reinforce the idea that multiplication is repeated addition using number properties| 60 minutes(1 period)For 2 weeks60 minutes(1 period)For 2 weeks| TeacherTeacher| * Egg cartons,buttons, stones or paper clips * Square rods and illustration board * Multiplication Table * Cuisenaire rods| Pupils will improve their skill in multiplication.|

Design of Research

A. Observation

1. Problems faced by pupils in Mathematics
a) The pupils cannot master the multiplication concept and skill were taught and learnt effectively as intended. b) There were several pupils still unable to recall rapidly the multiplication facts.

2. No teaching and learning materials that were used to assist and attract pupils in having positive attitude in learning Mathematics.

B. Planning the strategy

The approaches that can be consideration are
1. Reinforce the idea that multiplication is repeated addition. Using material
i. Egg Carton Math
ii. Square Rods
b) Using number properties
i. Cuisenaire Rods
ii. Grid Number

2. Make a multiplication...
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