Essay, Civil War

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Cause-and-Effect Essay final draft

The American Civil War

Everyone wants independence and freedom to do what they want. Kids want freedom from their parents to do what they want. When I was younger, I wanted to play computer games whenever I wanted. When I wanted to play computer games, my mom wanted me to study or do my homework. Freedom to do what people wanted to do is what caused the American Civil war only on a much larger scale; the whole south wanted to own and use slaves.

The Southern states economic activity relied mainly on growing cotton and other products on plantations. To produce these products, the majority of southerners used slaves. The Northern states relied more on manufacturing and subsistence farming rather than the plantations that the south relied on. The northern states had no use for slaves and viewed slavery unjust and cruel. As the south relied on slaves to keep their economy alive they saw no problem with having slaves. The northern states and major political leaders wanted to stop slavery from spreading and so the government passed a law that slavery was allowed only in states and territories in which it already existed. Both the north and the south believed that if slavery was contained, or stopped from spreading, it would eventually become extinct. The south felt that this law was an infringement on the state’s rights. The southerners wanted to do own slaves but the government didn’t allow them to.

Since the southerners feared that slavery would become extinct, they decided to leave the Union and form the Confederate states of America to keep slavery alive. The northern states and the key political leaders at the time, such as Abraham Lincoln, wanted the Union to be preserved. In Lincoln’s inaugural address, he said, “I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do...
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