Essay About Taylorism

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Table of contents.

Introduction Of Taylor……………………..………..2

Development
i. Discussion About The Taylorism……………………………………2 ii. Interesting Things About The Essay…………………………………………………………………………....3 iii. How The Topic Influenced me
and why I Find It Significant………………………………………....3 iv. Weakness …………………………………………………………………….4

Conclusion………………………………………………….4

References………………………………………………...5

About “The Father of Scientific Management”: Fredrick W. Taylor

Frederick Winslow Taylor (was born in Germantown, Philadelphia [2]) was an American inventor and an engineer who is known as “The Father Of Scientific Management”. His system of the Industrial Management was the huge influence on the development of the industries of many countries around the glob [1]. He innovated the industrial engineering massively. His specific research area was time study and motion study [3].

Taylor’s mother was his teacher for his early education. He completed his two years of schooling in two different European countries Germany and France. In year 1872 he joined Phillips Exeter Academy at Exeter, New Hampshire to study ‘Law’. Between years 1874 and 1878 he worked in the shops of the “Enterprise Hydraulic Works”, a pump manufacturing company in Philadelphia, there he learned the trades of mechanism. Then after in very next year he joined the Midvale Steel Company, at Philadelphia. Initially Taylor disappointed his parents by working in a metal products factory, first as a machinist and next as a foreman [4]. But; within next twelve years he raised his position and got promoted at the post of a chief engineer in the same company. Again after few years i.e. in 1883, he obtained his “Master of Engineering” degree at ‘Stevens Institute of Technology’, Hoboken, New Jersey. He invented many innovative things in machinery and manufacturing part during these years. The outstanding one he designed and constructed was the largest successful steam hammer ever built in the United States on April 1st, 1890 (patent No. 424,939). [2] The series of the patenting went on till year 1898; including some successful agreements and assignments forth. [5]

What Is Taylorism?

Taylor was approaching to do something innovative in the Work, Organization and Management of employment relations with the scientific approach in it, which he elaborated, to the world.

* Maximum level of the job fragmentation (equal work division). * Separate planning and doing work (scientific task designing). * ‘Direct labor’ and ‘indirect labor’ should be separate. * A minimization of skill requirements (scientific selection). * A minimization of handling component parts and material. [9]

Taylor’s first report covering large area of his work very precisely, which he called "Shop Management," got published in the year 1903 in the journal of the “American Society of Mechanical Engineers” [6]. The centerpiece of his publications and principle was ‘Systematic management” on the basis of ‘time study’ [6].

Taylor believed that the most basic and small task can be planned in a way that it give more fruitful results and that is why time study is important and innovative on this basis he given the principle of ‘Scientific Management’ [7].

He concluded that the scientific training for working to the each worker would isolate the best qualities [7] by the experiments he performed called ‘motion studies’ [2]. His aim to perform experiments was the application of scientific management could give result to positive outcomes by implementation by managers on their workers [7].

Interesting Thing About Taylorism

Basically the principle Taylor represented is quit simple and easy to understand and even easier to apply in routine work. Fragmentation in the given task makes thee task easier and even good for the better outcome [9]. It increased the strength of various techniques to control work.

Example: One of the time and motion experiments that Taylor...
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