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President Abraham Lincoln| The nation to heal as quickly as possible from the Civil War and planned to reunify the nation quickly.| He was assassinated in 1865 only days after Robert E. Lee’s surrender.| Plans for Reconstruction were taken over by Vice President Andrew Johnson, who became president after Lincoln’s death.| President Andrew Johnson| Johnson came to office as the civil war concluded. The new president favored quick restoration of the seceded states to the Union. His plans did not give protection to the former slaves, and he came into conflict with the Republican-dominated Congress.| July 31, 1875(1875-07-31) (aged 66)| His plans did not give protection to the former slave, and he came into conflict with the Republican-dominated Congress, culminating in his impeachment by the House of Representatives. The first American president to be impeached, he was acquitted in the Senate by one vote.| Radical Republicans| The Radical Republicans were a loose faction of American politicians within the Republican Party from about 1854 (before the American Civil War) until the end of Reconstruction in 1877.
| They initiated the Reconstruction Acts, and limited political and voting rights for ex-Confederates. They bitterly fought President Andrew Johnson; they weakened his powers and attempted to remove him from office through impeachment.| They called themselves "radicals" and were opposed during the war by moderates and conservative factions led by Abraham Lincoln and after the war by self-described "conservatives" (in the South) and "Liberals" (in the North).| Southern Democrats| Southern Democrats are members of the U.S. Democratic Party who reside in the American South. In the 19th century, they were the definitive pro-slavery wing of the party, opposed to both the anti-slavery Republicans and the more liberal.
| After World War II, during the civil...