Essay about Alcoholism and Drug Addiction

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FORWARDING CERTIFICATE
Ms Bandana Grover has been permitted to write a project on
“Alcoholism and Drug Addiction”
for B.A. LL.B. (Hons) Internal Evaluation of Amity Law School, Sector – 125, Noida, AUUP.

Date: 10th October 2011Ms. Mokshdha Bhushan
Lecturer
Amity Law School
AUUP
Noida - 201301

Introduction
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction may be conceptualized as crime without victim that is, addict himself is the victim who becomes a prey of its misuse. This devastating melody is eroding the roots of social, economic and cultural fiber of Indian Society and all across the globe. It gives rise to criminality and criminal behavior which eventually leads to social disorganization. Alcoholism and drug related offences being victimless crime, they fall in the category of public order crimes or consensual crimes. Seigal (2004) has defined victimless crime or public order crimes or consensual crimes as “crime which involves acts that interfere with the operations of society and the ability of the people to function effectively”. It must however, be noted though alcoholism and drug addiction are victimless crime, they do carry with them secondary victims such as family, dependents, friends etc. Alcoholism and Drug Addiction or habituation has been prevelant in most societies over the ages because of their allegedly pleasurable and relaxing effects or as a means of relieving physical tensions, fatigue and as stimulant to withstand advertise. However , with the unprecended expansion of pharmaceutical industry, the use, abuse and misuse of alcohol and drugs has increased leaps and bounds covering almost all sections of the society. Alcoholism and Drug Addiction are indicative of the irresponsiblitiy and weakness of the character of the persons using these intoxicants. The relation between alcoholism and various aggressive and criminal acts is often confirmed by police records and prison statistics which indicate that in the present day there is a considerable increase in such alcoholic criminal episodes. Experience has shown that various preventive and punitive measures such as fine. Imprisonment or detention for drunkness and other disorderly behaviours have failed in eliminating this menance. This project would deal with as to what is alcoholism and drug addiction, their causes , crime and criminal behaiviour among students in college etc in the following chapters.

Alcoholism
What is alcoholism?
Alcoholism is a broad term for problems with alcohol, and is generally used to mean compulsive and uncontrolled consumption of alcoholic beverages, usually to the detriment of the drinker's health, personal relationships, and social standing. It is medically considered a disease, specifically a neurological disorder, and in medicine several other terms are used, specifically "alcohol abuse" and "alcohol dependence" which have more specific definitions. In 1979 an expert World Health Organisation committee discouraged the use of "alcoholism" in medicine, preferring the category of "alcohol dependence syndrome". In the 19th and early 20th centuries, alcohol dependence in general was called dipsomania, but that term now has a much more specific meaning. People suffering from alcoholism are often called "alcoholics". Many other terms, some of them insulting or informal, have been used throughout history. The World Health Organization estimates that there are 140 million people with alcoholism worldwide. Alcoholism is called a "dual disease" since it includes both mental and physical components. The biological mechanisms that cause alcoholism are not well understood. Social environment, stress, mental health, family history, age, ethnic group, and gender all influence the risk for the condition. Long-term alcohol abuse produces changes in the brain's structure and chemistry such as tolerance and physical dependence. These changes maintain the person with alcoholism's compulsive inability...
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