PE: research assignment: Wushu
The sport of Wushu is both an expressional and a full-contact sport. It can range from two people competing in a full contact sport from just one and their sword otherwise known as expressional. It originated from the traditional form of Chinese martial arts. It was created in the People's Republic of China in an attempt to nationalize the practice of Chinese martial arts. Government-appointed committees formed most of the modern competition forms from their “parent arts”. Wushu can rank warriors ability. The more complicated the moves and skills shown can prove that they would be at higher standard. Most equipment would be the body, and how one can train their body to do skills, all different kinds of swords are also allowed to be used. Wushu has become an international sport through the International Wushu Federation (IWUF), which holds the World Wushu Championships every two years, the first World Championships were held in 1991 in Beijing and won Yuan Wen Qing. It’s a high-end sport in China. Competitive wushu is composed of two disciplines taolu and sanda. Taolu involves martial art patterns and maneuvers in which competitors are judged and given points according to specific rules. The forms comprise basic movements like stances, kicks, punches, balances, jumps, sweeps and throws. Based on ‘aggregate’ categories traditional Chinese martial art style and can be changed for competitions to highlight one's strengths. Competitive forms have time limits that can range from 1 minute and 20 seconds for some external styles to over five minutes for internal styles. Modern wushu competitor’s train in aerial techniques such as 540 and 720 degree jumps and kicks to add more difficulty and style to their forms.
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