Essay 2

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Nov. 26, 2012
Essay #2
Analyze the ways in which controversy over the extension of slavery into western territories contributed to the coming of the Civil War. Confine your answer to the period of 1845-1861
Slave by definition is a person who is the property of and wholly subject to another. Slavery now in the United States is against the law and morally wrong but it was a big deal in the early United States. Some wanted it and others hated it and some needed it to make money and survive. People in the North wanted slavery to end and people in the South depended on it. The Civil War was between the North (Union) and the South (Confederates). People think that the Civil War did not start because of the extension of slavery but there are a lot of facts that show that it definitely contributed to the war.

The first big controversy was the Compromise of 1850. The Compromise was a package of five bills that the United States made when we won the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). Texas surrendered its claim to New Mexico, which it had threatened war over, as well as its claims north of the Missouri Compromise Line. This brought up a lot of controversy as did California trying to become a state. In the Congress (Senate), the North and South were even between representation, but with California coming in, the parties would be uneven because California wanted to join the United States as a free state which created an argument throughout the country because slavery would then be allowed to spread west because of the Missouri Compromise of 1820 created the 36 30’ line which stated that all land under the 36 30’ line was slave land and above, slavery was banned. Same with the new Texas territory, people didn’t want the expansion of slavery to that land.

The Congress wanted to make sure everyone was happy (everyone meaning the North and South) so in the Compromise, since it made California a free state, Congress wanted to keep it far so the made the Fugitive...
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