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To what extent do you agree that novels offer us hope that human behaviour has a moral purpose? Respond to this question with close reference to a novel (or novels) that you have studied.

"What have I always believed? That on the whole, and by and large, if a man lived properly . . . according to what seemed decent and honest inside, then it would, at the end, more or less, turn out all right." so said British novelist Terry Pratchett, eloquently expressing what most people cannot; their innate faith in human behaviours and morals. This concept is reflected in the novel Oryx and Crake, written by Canadian author Margaret Atwood in 2004, doing what all novels do; offering us, the audience, hope that human behaviour has a moral purpose. Atwood's novel does not surrender this easily, however, demanding that layers of character, allusion and symbolism be peeled back to reveal this.

There is a distinct theme of pursuit of perfection throughout Oryx and Crake, something that is symbolised by the genetically altered pigs, dubbed "pigoons", which are essentially balloon-like animals, with the purpose of "grow[ing] an assortment of foolproof human-tissue organs in a transgenetic knockout pig host". These animals were intended to grow multiple human "livers and kidneys and hearts", to be used in operations and to restore people of the era to perfect health; the pigoons were a physical manifestation of the lengths to which the humans in the novel will go in their pursuit for perfection, however, the desired perfection is (subcosciously) a return to the sinless and innocent "perfection" of youth, both the youth of the individual and the youth of mankind. This almost biblical reversion can be linked to the Garden of Eden, where man was first made and began without sin, which, in turn, is linked to Crake's "Paradice", wherein his Crakers were, similarly, first made and began without sin.

In Oryx and Crake science becomes the religion (of sorts) to which all...
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