Discuss the difference between sensorial impression and sensorial education. Give examples to show your understanding and explain why sensorial education is considered in the Montessori classroom.
The procedure from sensorial stimuli to sensorial perception is known as Sensorial Education. So what are senses? Senses are a point of contact or means through which we contact knowledge from the environment, we can say that senses are the windows to intelligence through which we gather knowledge and convert it to the body and the mind. According to Dr Maria Montessori, senses are organs designed for the apprehension of images from the external world necessary for intelligence, as the hand is the organ used to gain knowledge of the material things necessary for the body. But both the senses and the hand can be perfected far beyond such simple offices, becoming more and more worthy servants of the great internal motor, keeps them in its service. The education, which improves the intelligence, ought to increase these two faculties, which are capable of infinite improvement. The child reaches to sensorial perception through paying attention, this attention is known as sensorial attention which further leads to observation. As an adult it is our role to lure the child for observation, once observation is gained it further transformed into concentration, a child can reach to concentration only when there is no distraction. When there is no distraction child can concentrate and with his love for repetition he perfects the activity and this perfection leads to Sensorial Perception “The hand is the delicate and structurally complicated organ that allows the mind not only to manifest itself but to enter into the special relations with its environment. Man we may say takes possession of his environment by his hand and transforms it as his mind directs, thus fulfilling his mission on the great stage of the universe.” The Secret of Childhood, pg. no 64, chap 4
Since senses are the power and potentials given to the child and by giving practice or training to his senses he can differentiate each of the senses and also to stimulate mind, it enhances discerning abilities, it helps the child fulfil his inner needs as the child is passing through his sensitive periods. Senses also help the child to feel the environment for better adaptability and to understand inter relatibility of his with the environment. There are five areas of sensorial education
1. Visual :There are 3 areas in this using the organ eyes * Visual perception of dimensions (e.g. 1d, 2d, 3d)
* Visual perception of colours which is called chromatic sense * Visual perception of forms (e.g. shapes)
2. Tactile:There are four areas in this, using the organ skin * Texture/surface (rough or smooth)
* Stereo gnostic (muscular memory e.g. shapes and forms)
* Baric sense (weight and pressure using hands)
* Thermic sense (hot, cold, warm, natural)
3. Olfactory :The capability of smelling either good smell or bad order etc. using the organ nose 4. Gustatory:Tasting sweet, salt, sour, bitter using the organ tongue 5. Auditory:Hearing soft or loud noise, using the organ ears
Sensorial education helps in development of a child's intellect. We always believe that intelligence is genetic or produced by environment, or we can further increase it by education. Intelligence is built on the basis of experiences and thought processes. The Montessori materials designed by Dr Montessori are designed to help a child's mind in developing the necessary skills for intellectual future learning. Sensorial impressions of child's environment are not the same as sensorial education. Impressions are feelings, not an intellectual...