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SCIENCE

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SCIENCE Rationale
With the rapid advancement of science and technology the knowledge in this area has become extremely important. People need to be made scientifically literate to understand and benefit from the fast changes that are taking place in the world of science and technology. Science in classes IX and X therefore, should cater to equip the students with the knowledge that will help them pursue higher studies in the field of science. For those who do not want to pursue higher studies, this course should enable them to understand the basic scientific principles useful in their lives and in particular, technology. At the same time, people should possess adequate knowledge and skills to maintain the informed balance between the development and the natural environment, vital for the well being of the nation.

Aims
Teachers should guide the students to develop their: 1. understanding of scientific concepts, principles and processes related to the subjects. 2. skills in scientific methods of investigation such as handling apparatus, observing, recording, analysing, synthesising and drawing conclusion. 3. ability to relate scientific knowledge to other areas of knowledge. 4. ability to recognise and discover the contribution of science in the modern age. 5. appreciation of scientific knowledge and develop a positive attitude towards science in their personal development. 6. ability to apply the scientific knowledge and skills to problem solving in life situations and discuss the related issues. 7. understanding about the impact of development on the natural environment. 8. awareness of the career opportunities presented by science education.

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Learning Experiences
Students at this level are concerned about their relationship with the world around them and the impact of human activities on the environment. They become aware of the influence of science and technology on their lives. They develop interest in making generalizations and understanding how scientific facts and principles provide explanations of physical and biological phenomena. Therefore, students should have the opportunities to: 1. learn about scientific facts, concepts, principles through enquiry and investigation. 2. work independently and in co-operation with others. 3. have hands on experiences on scientific processes through setting and handling of apparatus and equipment safely and conduct of experiments. 4. examine critically and think positively. 5. use both qualitative and quantitative data to describe their investigations. 6. design and devise analogies and models to explain their ideas. 7. explore various means of gathering information, such as interviews, field trips, excursions, surveys, multimedia and experiments. 8. relate the scientific concepts to their immediate environment. 9. study the impact of science and technology on human lives and environment 10. manipulate variables in their investigations.

Learning Outcomes
These experiences should help the students to: 1. explain the fundamental scientific concepts and principles; 2. apply the knowledge and skills of science for the betterment of life and the environment around them. 3. exhibit qualities of commitment, self-confidence, tolerance, curiosity, integrity adaptability; 4. design and carry out investigations involving both dependent and independent variables. 5. use scientific and mathematical conventions, symbols, analogies, models, charts to communicate their finding and ideas. 6. carry out simple analysis of impact of science and technology on human and environment. 7. investigate scientific and environmental issues independently or in groups. and

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PART 1: PHYSICS (CLASS IX) Course Content
1. (i) Measurements and Experimentation. Estimation by order of magnitude (order of magnitude of some common things to understand the concept) of length, area, volume, mass and time. –Introduce power of tens and establish their importance in physics.)...
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