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Unit 16:

Film and Video Editing
Techniques

Unit code:

F/502/5676

QCF Level 3:

BTEC National

Credit value:

10

Guided learning hours: 60
Aim and purpose
This unit aims to develop learners’ skills in, and understanding of, moving image post-production processes. Learners will do this through exploring the professional practice of editing, and developing their own technical and creative skills. Learners will also develop an understanding of how their work can affect the final outcome of a production.

Unit introduction
Editing of film or video material is an essential part of any audio-visual production. Without the process of removing, adding and manipulating source material, all film and video would have to be shot in sequence and without mistakes.

The process of editing involves making creative decisions about source material. It provides an opportunity for the creativity of the filming stage to be continued through to the finished product. Through study of the development and principles of editing, learners will develop an insight into the ‘language’ of editing and the technical conventions used by editors to communicate with audiences. Skills will be practised through editing video material or, where facilities permit, film. Learners will also develop an understanding of how their work can affect the final outcome of a production. Learners will be able to experiment with editing processes and use their skills in the production of their own film and video products. They should learn that editing is not merely a technical process, but also an aesthetic one and they should be able to demonstrate this understanding through both their practice and the articulation of principles.

Learning outcomes
On completion of this unit a learner should:

1

Understand the development and principles of editing

2

Be able to prepare moving image material for editing

3

Be able to edit moving image material.

Edexcel BTEC Level 3 Nationals specification in Creative Media Production – Issue 1 – January 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2009

1

Unit content
1 Understand the development and principles of editing
Development: in-camera editing; following the action; multiple points of view; shot variation; manipulation of diegetic time and space; film, video; analogue; digital
Purposes: storytelling, eg engaging the viewer, development of drama, relationship to genre, creating motivation; combining shots into sequences; creating pace
Conventions and techniques: seamless; continuity; motivated; montage; jump-cutting; parallel editing; 180o rule; splicing; transitions, eg cut, dissolve, fade, wipe; cutaways; point of view shot; shot-reverse-shot; providing and withholding information; editing rhythm; crosscutting; cutting to soundtrack

2 Be able to prepare moving image material for editing
Preparation techniques: checking material for faults; synchronising rushes; producing a rushes log; marking up a script; labelling tapes; storing tapes or film; producing an edit decision list; creating bins; clarifying the purpose of the work with a client or director

Preparing to edit: importing clips; bins; timelines; storage and folder management; online and offline editing; formats; resolution

3 Be able to edit moving image material
Editing technology: software applications; hardware, eg non-linear, linear; high definition; standard definition; tapes; hard disc; data transfer rates; exporting productions; file types, eg mov, avi, flv; compression

Editing process: use appropriate techniques, eg seamless, continuity, motivated, montage, jump-cutting, parallel editing; use appropriate transitions, eg cut, dissolve, fade, wipe; use appropriate conventions, eg cutaways, cutting on action, creating juxtapositions, intercutting; pace effectively; convey information effectively; use sound to create impact; synchronise sound and vision; mix soundtracks; overlap sound; offline edit; online edit...
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