For Nursing Students
Basic Clinical Nursing Skills
Abraham Alano, B.Sc., M.P.H. Hawassa University
In collaboration with the Ethiopia Public Health Training Initiative, The Carter Center, the Ethiopia Ministry of Health, and the Ethiopia Ministry of Education
Funded under USAID Cooperative Agreement No. 663-A-00-00-0358-00. Produced in collaboration with the Ethiopia Public Health Training Initiative, The Carter Center, the Ethiopia Ministry of Health, and the Ethiopia Ministry of Education.
Important Guidelines for Printing and Photocopying Limited permission is granted free of charge to print or photocopy all pages of this publication for educational, not-for-profit use by health care workers, students or faculty. All copies must retain all author credits and copyright notices included in the original document. Under no circumstances is it permissible to sell or distribute on a commercial basis, or to claim authorship of, copies of material reproduced from this publication. ©2002 by Abraham Alano, All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided above, no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission of the author or authors.
This material is intended for educational use only by practicing health care workers or students and faculty in a health care field
Nursing is core part in health service delivery system in which health promotion, disease prevention; curative and rehabilitative health strategies are applied. The clinical nursing skills for the nurses are of paramount important not only to provide comprehensive care but also enhance clinical competence. The purpose of preparing this lecture note is to equip nurses with basic clinical nursing skills, which will enable them to dispatch their responsibility as well as to develop uniformity among Ethiopian Professional Nurse Training Higher Institutions.
The lecture note series is designed to have two parts: part-I is composed of most basic clinical skills, where as part two will be covering most advances clinical skills as well as fundamental concepts related to the skills. It is well known that no nursing service can be provided with out basic clinical nursing skills. For nurse to provide health service at different settings; hospital, health center, health post and at the community level including home based care for chronically sick patients, the course is very essential. It is also hoped that other primary and middle level health professional training institution will utilize the lecture notes to rational exercise the professional skills.
The lecture note is therefore organized in logical manner that students can learn from simpler to the complex. It is divided in to units and chapters. Important abbreviations and key terminologies
have been included in order to facilitate teaching learning processes. On top of that learning objectives are clearly stated to indicate the required outcomes. Glossary is prepared at the end to give explanation for terminologies indicated as learning stimulants at beginning of each chapter following the learning objectives. Trial is made to give some scientific explanation for procedure and some relevant study questions are prepared to each chapter to aid students understand of the subject. To enhance systematic
approach in conducting nursing care the nursing process is also indicated for most procedures.
My deepest appreciation is to The Carter Center, EPHTI and Professor Dennis Carlson, senior consultant of the Center for his tireless efforts to materialize the issue of staff strengthening and curriculum development. Lecture note preparation is one of the activities that got due attention to strengthen the teaching learning process in Ethiopia by...