English as a Second Language Filipino's
People typically migrate to the United States to acquire a better future for them selves. They diligently chase the possibility of obtaining the “American Dream.” Filipinos too leave their countries by choice for economic necessity. However, acquiring the American Dream in America will require adapting to a new culture including but not limited to values, religions needs and most importantly learning English as a secondary language (ESL). Filipinos have an advantage in assimilating to America since their history consists of American influence. “In 1902, the Philippines became an American territory. Over the next two decades, American attitudes toward the Philippines changed and the islands were given commonwealth status in 1933. Sited http://www.everyculture.com/No-Sa/The-Philippines.html#ixzz11c1t8Ks0 .Hence, a major advantage Filipino’s have in coming to America, is language. There are currently two official languages in the Philippines, Filipino and English. The country's other seventy to eighty dialects are derived from Malay languages. The Filipino language is based on Tagalog with words comprised from other native languages, and English. Only 55 percent of residents speak Filipino fluently. English is primarily used in colleges, universities, the courts, and the government. The Philippine’s has the third largest number of English speakers in the world. The ability to communicate in a new country is a major advantage that some Filipino’s have in comparison to other immigrants who have to learn the complicated language of English. However, not all Filipino’s share this advantage of speaking or writing the English language. Therefore, English as a second language (ESL) is needed to be learned in order to cope in every day life. Comprehension of the language spoken in the environment that you live in is imperative. It is a key component to the future success of that individual. It dictates the type of job that one may be able to obtain which will ultimately affect his/her family’s ability to survive in a foreign country.
Learning English as a second language (ESL) is not an easy task. It takes time, dedication and an abundance of practice by reading, listening and speaking frequently to build one’s skills. There’s also a normal process-phenomena in acquiring a second language that some people may encounter; interference, silent period, code-switching, language loss (subtractive bilingualism) or additive bilingualism.
“Interference may manifest from their first language (L1) to English (L2). This means that a child may make an English error due to the direct influence of an L1 structure. The silence period is a common second language phenomenon. When children are first exposed to a second language, frequently they focus on listening and comprehension. These children are often very quiet, speaking little as they focus on understanding the new language-much, in fact, as adults do when traveling in foreign countries. The younger the child, the longer the silent period tends to last. Older children may remain in the silent period for a few weeks or a few months, whereas preschoolers may be relatively silent for a year or more.” http://www.asha.org/public/speech/development/easl.htm#normal “Babies listen actively to the language around them for up to 2 years before uttering a single meaningful word. Adults can get to the output stage much earlier if they follow the advice on Foreign Language Mastery, but they should not force themselves (or let themselves be forced) to speak before they are ready. This is perhaps the single greatest form of problem with formal language instruction: students are expected to speak long before they are ready, creating a great deal of anxiety and diminishing the student’s motivation and interest.” http://l2mastery.com/featured-articles/not-to-do-list Code-switching is another behavior that many ESL learners experience. This is when...
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