Errors - Didactics

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Error serious defficiency resulting from the Lack of knowledge. Mistake defficiency due to lack of proper knowledge or bad performance Lapse small incidental defficiency due to temporary disturbance resulting i.e. from tiredness, nervousness, emotions

Types of errors:

Linguistic category:
• Pronunciation, grammatical (syntax, morphology)
• Semantic, lexical
• Discourse (style)

Surface structure category (what you can see)
• Omission (endings, articles)
• Additions:
double markings (double negation)
regularisation (put-putted, fish-fishes)
simple additions (in over there)
• Misinformation
Archiforms –one form to represent any other (that instead of these those) Alternating forms (she for her, he for his)
• Misordering – wrong order of sentence or questions.

Comparative category
• Interlingual – influence of L1 syntax, vocabulary
• Developmental - children-learning-L1 like, plural, irregular verbs • Ambiguous

Communicative effect resulting from communication process
• Global – people stop communicating; semantic, pronunciation • Local – apparently/partially correct, not reflecting intentions of the speaker, don’t stop communication; grammatical

Communication errors
• Semantic (a ‘cap’ instead of a ‘hat’)
• Register (‘boat’ instead of ‘warship’)
• Sociolinguistic (in reference to assumed social norms ‘hello Sir’ instead of ‘Good morning Sir’) • Textual (improper structure in reference to the whole text ‘who is this?’ ‘John is.’)

Classification of errors according to the stage of learning: • Presystematic: student is unaware of the rule and makes mistakes at random, sometimes creating correct utterances but is unable to correct her/himself or justify the choice (she go, she goes) • Systematic: student makes regular mistakes due to erratic internalisation of the rule, (she is much nicer) • Postsystematic: student creates...
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