Ernest Hemingway Biography
Ernest Miller Hemingway was born in July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, a suburb of Chicago. He was the second of the three sons from the marriage of Clarence Edmond Hemingway, doctor and Grace Hall Hemingway. He studied in Oak Park and River Forest High School, where he learned to play cello and played many sports. By the end of High School in 1917, he didn’t want to go to the university; he then moved to Kansas and started to work as reported on Kansas City Star. When the Great War started, Ernest try to go as a soldier but due a problem with one of his eyes he went as a driver of ambulances for the Red Cross. In May 1918, he moved to Italy, where he was seriously wounded by the Austrian artillery. With wounded legs, in a heroic act he put in his shoulder a Italian shoulder to put him safe. This heroic act earned him the Italian Silver Medal of Bravery recognition by the Italian government. During his recovery in the Milan hospital, he felt in love of a young nurse, Agnes von Kurowsky, who abandoned him after falling in love from an official. These experienced might have being source of his ideas for one of his books A Farewell to Arms. When he returned to the United States in January 1919, he resumed his work as a journalist for the Toronto Star and as an associate editor of the monthly journal Cooperative Commonwealth. He married Elizabeth Hadley Richardson, eight years older than him. The couple moved to Paris in 1922, there a year later, their first son John Hadley Nicanor Hemingway was born. While he was in Paris he started to write, but he did not had much success, Three Stories and Ten Poems (1923) and In Our Time (1925). Is not until 1925 when he finds success with his novel The Sun Also Rises and later Death in the Afternoon.
In 1928 he returns to United States with his second wife, Pauline Pfeiffer. Soon after Hemingway moves to Cuba, where he writes some of his most famous books The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories (1938) and For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940), both part of the universal literature. In 1940 Ernest marries Martha Gellhorn. But they separated when he met Mary Welsh in London during World War II. When World War II started, Ernest traveled to Europe in 1944 and participated in the Normandy Landings and the liberation of Paris. In 1950 he returned to literature, during this time he wrote Across the River and into the Trees (1950). Two years later he wrote a brief relate commissioned by the Life Magazine, The Old Man and the Sea, by which he received the Pulitzer Prize and later the Nobel Prize in Literature 1954 During his last years he keeps writing but his last and waited novel never saw the light, leaving only some stories and relates. In July 2, 1961 his life end, when he shot himself, the cause of his death was a mystery for time but in an interview five years later his wife Mary Hemingway admitted that her husband had committed suicide.
Ernest Miller Hemingway nació el21 de julio de 1899 en Oak Park, un suburbio de Chicago. Fue el segundo de los tres hijos del matrimonio formado por Clarence Edmond Hemingway, médico de profesión, y Grace Hall Hemingway.
Estudió en el Oak Park and River Forest High School, donde aprendió a tocar el violonchelo y se formó en múltiples deportes. Al acabar sus estudios, en 1917, no quiso ir a la universidad, por lo que se trasladó a Kansas y comenzó a trabajar de reportero en el Kansas City Star.
Al estallar la Primera Guerra Mundial, Ernest intentó acudir como combatiente, pero un defecto en un ojo le obligó a aceptar el puesto de conductor de ambulancias de la Cruz Roja. En mayo del 1918 se trasladó a Italia, donde fue herido de gravedad por la artillería austriaca. Con las piernas heridas, consiguió cargar a hombros a un soldado italiano para ponerle a salvo. La heroicidad le valió el reconocimiento del gobierno italiano con la Medalla de Plata al Valor. Durante su...