Eritrea Human Rights Issues

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Looking at the United Nations, human rights are freedoms that are believed to universal human rights that protect individuals and groups against actions which can interfere with fundamental freedoms and human dignity. According to the universal declaration of human rights in Article 5, “No one shall be subjected to torture or, to cruel inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.” Eritrea, a country in the Horn of Africa covers 45,000 square miles with a population of 6.4 million, suffers attacks on human rights every day. Eritrea’s 30-year struggle for independence ended in 1991, with Eritrean rebels defeating government forces. According to the World Fact Book, “ISAIAS Afworki has been Eritrea's only president since independence; his rule, particularly since 2001, has been highly autocratic and repressive. His government has created a highly militarized society by pursuing an unpopular program of mandatory conscription into national service, sometimes of indefinite length.” Due to the repressive ruling style of Eritrea’s president, this has let to the governments leaders to be able to do anything they want. According to Human Rights Watch, “Eritrea, has documented serious patterns of human rights violations in Eritrea. These abuses include arbitrary arrest, torture, appalling detention conditions, forced labor, and severe restrictions on freedom of movement, expression, and worship.” These are all due to a lack of any form of control over a corrupt government. According to BBC news Africa, “Eritrea is the only African country to have no privately-owned news media. The state of media freedom has been described as "scandalous" by watchdog Reporters Without Borders.” Since Eritrea doesn’t allow non governmental media influence on its people, Eritrea’s can’t easily speak their minds on the cruel and degrading conditions they are forced to endeavor such as torture.

Torture affects people of all ages in Eritrea, but mainly 18-40 year olds because “A national...
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