Erikson's Psychosocial Development Theory

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Each stage in Erikson's theory presents a crisis that must be resolved. These crises serve as Correct Answer: opportunities to further the healthy development of one's personality Erikson believed developmental change occurred _______ while Freud believed the personality developed _______. Correct Answer: throughout the life span; by the end of childhood Which of the following is an appropriate pairing of theorist with concept? Correct Answer: Erikson and culture

Which of Erikson's stages most accurately describes a preschooler? Correct Answer: initiative vs. guilt Bronfenbrenner = bioecological approach to development
The microsystem immediate environment in which children lead their daily lives. Homes caregivers friends and tacher al influences that are part of the microsystem. Is the everyday immediate environment in whih children lead thei daily

The four systems:

Microsystem: Immediate environments (family, school, peer group, neighborhood, and childcare environments) Mesosystem: A system comprising connections between immediate environments (i.e., a child’s home and school) Exosystem: External environmental settings which only indirectly affect development (such as parent's workplace) Macrosystem: The larger cultural context (Eastern vs. Western culture, national economy, political culture, subculture) Later a fifth system was added:

Chronosystem: The patterning of environmental events and transitions over the course of life.

the microsystem - such as a family, classroom, etc is the immediate environment in which a person is operating, • the mesosystem - which is two microsystems interacting, such as the connection between a child’s home and school, • the exosystem - which is an environment in which an individual is not involved, which is external to his or her experience, but nonetheless affects him or her anyway. An example of an exosystem is the child’s parent’s workplace. Although a child may never have...
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