Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial stages of Development|
Introduction to Phycology|
Erik Erikson was a German born American psychoanalyst. He was known for his psychosocial theory of emotional development of human beings. His theory looks at the control of parents and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood. According to Erikson, each person has to pass through a sequence of eight consistent stages over their entire life cycle. (Wong, 1998-2011) Erik Erikson was born on June 15, 1902 in Frankfurt Germany. Erickson’s birth father was a nameless Danish man that abandoned Erik’s mother before he was born. Karla Abrahamsen was his mother. She was an early aged Jewish woman who raised Erik alone for the first three years of his life. Dr. Theodor Homberger came along to be Erik’s father figure in life. Karla married Homberger who was Erickson’s Pediatrician than they moved to southern Germany. Growing up Erik was known to be Erik Homberger. His parents kept the true story a secret. (Boeree, 1997,2006) Year’s later finding out Homberger was not his biological father kept Erik left with confusion of his own identity. Erik’s curiosity in identity was more established and built upon his own experiences in school. Kids at his temple school would tease him for being a Nordic because he had been tall, blond and blue-eyed. At grammar School, Erik was excluded because of his Jewish background. These initial experiences helped petrol his concern in identity development and continued to influence his work throughout his life. (Cherry, 2012) When Erickson finished high school, he experimented in art and spent some time traveling throughout Europe. Erikson studied psychoanalysis at the recommendation of a friend and received a certificate from the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. Erickson also took a teaching position at a school produced by Dorothy Burlingham, a friend of Anna Freud’s. Erik sustained to work...