ECE335: Childrens Literature (BDI1245A)
Instructor: Donna Marvel
December 3, 2012
Erik Erikson was a German-born American from 1902-1994. Erik was known for his psychosocial theory of emotional development of human beings. "Erik Erikson stages of development is a model for the stages of thinking and learning for children, you will notice in each stage there are opportunities for positive ego development as well as deficits in one's character, not only before a child reaches his 20's, but throughout life."(Support4changes.com) This theory looks at the impact of parents and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood. Erikson's believes that each child passes through a series of eight interrelated stages over their entire life cycle. The first four stages focus on the childhood years. "He felt the course of development is determined by the interaction of the body, mind, and cultural influences. His developmental stages were based on his Philosophy that: 1.) the world gets bigger as we go along and 2.) Failure is correlative." (support4change.com) "Erikson hypothesized that the personality the ways a human fetus develops."(www.vtaide.com) The stages are designed for children to pass through each stage as they conquer the one first stage and the second stage and so forth. The stages are a way for a child to grow and develop.
Infancy is the first stage of the psychosocial development, happens from birth to 18 months. Trust vs. Mistrust is the first stage that a child with go through. Infants are helpless creatures that dependent on others for their needs to be met. This stage is learning what they can trust in their environment. Infants need to trust the people that are caring for their needs. When they are hungry they will be feed, when they are wet or dirty they will be changed, and when they are tired they will be put be to bed. "If an infant's physical and...