1. In Erikson’s first stage of psychosocial development, crisis is experienced that called trust versus mistrust. In this stage, children develop a sense of trust when caregivers provide reliability, care, and affection. A lack of this lead to mistrust. We can see that Chrystell was really calm baby. For example, she did not demand to be fed that often. Even after waking up in the morning, Chrystell did not cry histerically for food. His mother also take care of Chrystell very well. On the other hand , Chrystell’s parents were especially concerned because they are of African-American heritage and Chrystell would be attending a primarily Caucasian school. All of these shows that Chrystell and her parents are attached to each other. So this attachment is favorable for rest of Chrystell’s life.
2. Autonomy versus shame and doubt is second conflict in Erikson’s stages of psycosocial development. In this stage, toilet training is the most important event. Children need to develop a sense of personal control over physical skills and a sense of independence. Success leads to feelings of autonomy, failure results in feelings of shame and doubt. Child rearing strategies are very important in this stage. Because parents attitudes can affect children negatively. But we can see that Chrystell’s parents feel that they should not rush their children into toilet training because they believed the kids would eventually learn control. So these kind of parent roles encouraged Chrystell in toilet training. They also tried not to embarras her when she had accidents, instead they reminded her to try to remember to use the potty the next time.
3, Initiative versus guilt is the crisis experienced in Erikson’s third stage of psychosocial development. In this stage, children become curious about their parents, friends and environment. They engage in play and other experimental activities with their peers. If child punished severely for these advances, they develop a sense of...
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