What shapes and influences people into whom they become in life? What powers cause the development of individuals?
The everlasting debate of Nature vs. Nurture may never truly be settled. There are two men, which have seemed to intertwine the two rather than segregating, Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson that attempt and explain the questions we as society have about ourselves. Erikson accepted Freud’s basic outline of the psychoanalytic perspective (Berk, pg.15). Erikson came up with 8 psychosocial stages of which the first 5 are parallel in regards to the 5 psychosexual stages that Freud designed earlier (Berk, pg.16). Erikson took what Freud had started and expanded the psychoanalytic theory further with 3 more stages into adulthood. The increase of study aids people to further understand why people become who they are today.
Erik Erikson’s desire to understand people started with himself. “Erikson’s mother married a physician after his father and mother separated at his birth. The identity of his biological father was concealed from him for many years. When he finally did learn the truth, he was left with a feeling of confusion about who he really was. This early experience helped spark his interest in the formation of identity. His interest in identity was further developed based upon his own experiences in school. At his temple school, the other children teased him for being Nordic because he was tall, blonde, and blue-eyed. At grammar school, he was rejected because of his Jewish background. These early experiences helped fuel his interest in identity formation and continued to influence his work throughout his life.”
The initial stage of eight is can be summed up as whether or not a child receives warm, compassionate care during the first year of their life or cold, rough care. Trust Vs Mistrust or oral sensory stage (Huffman, pg.356). The first stage factors in the ability of the mother and father as nurturers. The parent’s ability to care...
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