MT 302-03 Organizational Behavior
Professor Pam DeLotell
May 20, 2013
1.) To what extent can individual business decisions (as opposed to economic forces) explain deterioration in working conditions for many workers? To me it seems the poverty-stricken economy is what leads to the deterioration in individual businesses. The poor economy is making it difficult for the business to draw in a steady income and therefor they need to make decisions on what to do to keep the doors to the business open and keep their heads above water. That’s when they start doing layoffs and budget cuts for the business. Employees end up with reduced hours, pay cuts, small pay raises and poor work environments. It seems they will sink to the lowest level that is considered legal just to make sure they can still make a profit within the business. 2.) Do business organizations have a responsibility to ensure that employees have secure jobs with good working conditions, or is their primary responsibility to shareholders? This is where Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) comes into play. According to Encyclopedia.com, The concept of corporate social responsibility means that organizations have moral, ethical, and philanthropic responsibilities in addition to their responsibilities to earn a fair return for investors and comply with the law. (2009, para.2) CSR compels businesses to implement an extensive view of the obligations that does not include just the shareholders. They also need to include other constituencies such as employees, customers, the local community, all three levels of government, and so on. However, it still does not require them to ensure job security and good working conditions. Many actually are opposed to CSR and believe that corporations only need to worry about the profit for their shareholders and if they take on the social responsibilities will have competitive shortcomings. 3.)...