Equality is treating people fairly and making sure that everyone is given a fair chance and that their individual needs are met. It’s about giving all sections of the community equal access to employment, education and other services that are provided whilst valuing and respecting them. Recognising that different sections of the community require specific measures to make sure they receive equality. Recognising how and why some groups are underrepresented and knowing what to do about it. Taking positive action to assist individuals where this is appropriate.
Diversity means to have a variety of people from all minority groups represented in the community or setting. It is understanding and valuing the differences between the individuals and groups in the community and respecting their needs. Therefore, diversity is the ability to recognize how to relate to those who are different groups from our own. These include race, class, gender, physical abilities, and sex orientation in addition to religion, educational background, geographical location, family income, and parent status (Ladson-Billing, 2001; LAS definition of diversity, 2004).
Inclusion is being a part of what everyone is, being welcomed and embraced as a member who belongs. In other words, to make others feel included. Inclusion is supporting and educating children with learning difficulties and disabilities in classrooms with children without these problems. It allows students with learning difficulties and disabilities to be educated in age-appropriate classes in their home schools along with their friends and neighbours. Whilst receiving specially designed instruction and support through individual education programs (IEP's) within the context of the core curriculum and general class activities. Inclusion is an effort to make sure they achieve high standards and succeed as learners. Inclusion gives the child or young person
* an equal chance to learn and develop
* participate equally in activities
* the opportunity to communicate in their preferred format * the right to have their individual needs known and met
* the feeling of safety and valued as an individual
* strength and confidence about their identity.
1.2 Describe the potential effects of discrimination.
What is discrimination?
When a person is treated less well, in comparison with someone else, because of his or her racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age, sexual orientation, , gender, educational background, geographical location, family income, and parent status. Discrimination can also be based on simple hatred either because of personal experience or simple stereotyping. Direct discrimination is where you are treated less favourably because of your disability than someone without a disability would be treated in the same circumstances. Indirect discrimination is where there is a rule, policy or practice which seems to apply equally to everyone, but which actually puts disabled people at an unfair disadvantage compared with people who aren't disabled. Effects of discrimination:
Discrimination can affect the individual, their family, the perpetrators and the whole class or school or community. The Individual: A child or young person when treated with discrimination in a educational or community setting faces many emotional and social difficulties in life. For example:
Anti-social behaviour or violence towards others or themselves. Low self-esteem so this can result in withdrawal from activities. Lack of confidence and lack of interest to avoid feeling embarrassed or discriminated against. Feeling neglected and scared thus not socialising and avoiding friendship and relationships. Losing their identity and feeling inferior to their friends or class mates. Bullying either they can be a victim or can do it to others to make them feel better. Racial remarks, slurs, being...