1.1 Areas of legislation are ever changing but it is important to be able to identify current and relevant aspects of those which promote equality and value diversity.
Every Child Matters 2003 and Children Act 2004
These were put in place to ensure that all organisations and agencies invloved with children between birth and 19 years should work together to ensure that children have the support needed to be healthy, stay safe, enjoy and achieve, make a positive contribution and achieve economic well - being. The acronym SHEEP can help you remember this : * Stay safe
* Enjoy and achieve
* Economic well - being
* Positive contribution
Following the Every Child Matters framework, the Children Act 2004 required that these recommendations become a legal requirement. The key aspect of the act was to overhaul child protection and childrens services in the U.K. Every child matters has been further developed through the publication of the Childrens Plan 2007 which sets out to improve educational outcomes for all children.
Race Relations Act 1976 and 2000
The race relations act places a statutory duty on schools to promote race equality. It makes it against the law for a person to be discriminated against, whether directly or indirectly. Schools are expected to improve the educational achievements of all children and to promote equal opportunities and good relations between different racial groups. Schools are also required to have a race equality policy which is linked to an action plan.
Disability Discrimination Act 1995/2005
This made it illegal for services such as shops and employers to discriminate against disabled people. According to the Disability Discrimination Act, a person has a disability if (s)he has a physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and long term adverse effect on his/her ability to carry out normal day - to - day activities'. It is now a statutory requirement to encourage the inclusion of children with disabilities into mainstream schools.
SEN Code of Practice 2001
The Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001 strengthened the rights of parents and SEN children to a mainstream education. It made significant changes to the educational opportunities that are available to children with disabilities and special educational needs. This means it is more likely for these children to be in mainstream schools.
Human Rights Act 1998
The united nations first set a standard on human rights in 1948 with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This was accepted by many countries around the world and highlighted the principle that all humans have the same rights and should be treated equally. in 1998 the Human Rights Act gave a further legal status to this. Your basic human rights are :
* the right to life * freedom from torture and degrading treatment * freedom from slavery and forced labour * the right to liberty * the right to a fair trial * the right not to be punished for something that wasn't a crime when you did it * freedom of thought, conscience and religion, and freedom to express your beliefs * freedom of expression * freedom of assembly and association * the right to marry and to start a family * the right not to be discriminated against in respect of these rights and freedoms * the right to a peaceful enjoyment of your property * the right to an education * the right to participate in free elections * the right not to be subjected to the death penalty.
UN Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989
The UK signed this legally binding agreement in 1990. It leads on from the Human Rights Act and sets out the rights of all children to be treated equally and fairly and without discrimination.
1.2 All pupils should be able to fully access all areas of the cirriculum. The advent of the Every Child Matters framework and the focus on...