Equality and Diversity

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Module: Equality and Diversity

Date of submission: 28th May 2012

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Words count: 3270 (not including references and table of content)

Contents

INTRODUCTION3
DEFINITIONS3
POLICIES & PROCEDURES AND CODES OF PRACTICE4
Thompson's PCS Model4
How does the PCS Model work?4
Discriminations6
What is direct discrimination?6
What is indirect discrimination?6
Marginalisation7
LEGISLATIONS7
Human Rights Act 19987
Equal Pay Acts 1970 and 19837
Data protection Act 19988
OFFCIAL BODIES8
Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills (Ofsted)8 Care Quality Commission (CQC)8
IMPROVEMENT9
CONCLUSION, REFLECTION AND RECOMENDATION9
REFERENCES10

INTRODUCTION

In this module I am going to discuss about the aspect of equality and diversity within the health sector, about Act and legislations and the role official bodies (CQC and OFSED). Moreover, I am going to define the terminology of equality and diversity. The example of the policies and procedure that I am using is the one from the company that I am currently working for; Positive Community Care (PCC) and the names of the service users has not been mentioned because of data protection Act1998.

Equality means being in the same in quantity, size, degree, value or status, evenly or fairly balanced. A good example is two football teams were playing a game and the pitch was slanted in one direction, thus making it an unfair situation for one of the team. It will be unfair for them and they won’t have an equal opportunity of winning. Equal means to have the same value but it does not mean that thing have to be identical, for example one kilogram of rice and one kilogram of flour in weight is the same., but they don’t have the same “ physical characteristics”.

In the UK equality means that everyone is valued as individuals. It also means that everyone has equal rights and that there is a balance of power in the county. One good example is democracy where all the citizens living in the UK have the liberty to vote. Furthermore, Health care in the UK is unequally distributed because it is linked to other life factors, namely socio-economic groups. Poverty is one of the major contributions to ill health; the government is trying to implement changes like clean water supplies, efficient sewage works, less overcrowded housing, improved diet in order to minimise inequality among people. Besides, people and children from lower income families are more likely to suffer from infectious and parasitic diseases, poisonings, accidents, respiratory diseases and cancer than those with a higher income groups.

DEFINITIONS

“Diversity is generally defined as acknowledging, understanding, accepting, valuing, and celebrating differences among people with respect to age, class, ethnicity, gender, physical and mental ability, race, sexual orientation, spiritual practice, and public assistance status (Esty, et al., 1995).” http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hr022 (accessed on 21.04.12)

The National Health Service (NHS) was set up to help to eliminate the worst excesses of ill- Health when people could not afford to seek medical attention but this does not give people the right to health care. The homeless and travellers were not able to have access to General Practitioners (GP) as they didn’t have a permanent address. As hospitals, NHS, GPs and primary care trusts are public organisations; they are required to operate within the law set by the Equality Act 2010, which means they have a duty to promote equal opportunity and not to discriminate on the grounds of protected characteristics.

POLICIES & PROCEDURES AND CODES OF PRACTICE

In every study or work place, they are required to have policies and procedures relating to equality and diversity. Codes of conduct are also very important. These...
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