Equal Pay Act of 1963: an Analysis

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Equal Pay Act of 1963: an Analysis

Table of Contents
Introduction………………………………………………………………………….Page 3 Derfinition………………………………………………………………………...…Page 3 Discussion…………………………………………………………………………...Page 3 Application to Interviewing…………………………………………………………Page 4 Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………..Page 4 Despite our country’s love of freedom, throughout its history, the United States has oppressed minorities. If someone isn’t a middle-aged Caucasian male, they automatically have to work harder just to receive the same opportunities and compensation. Various laws have been enacted to protect minorities from exploitation, including the Equal Pay Act of 1963, which was enacted to protect women from unfair wages. Equal employment opportunity laws are laws that pertain to employment and performance review interviews, ensuring that all qualified applicants for a position are considered and treated equally regardless of age, sex, race, religion, citizenship, and/or disabilities (Stewart, & Cash, Jr.,2007). In 1963, when the Equal Pay Act was enacted by President John F. Kennedy, women were paid 59 cents for every dollar that men earned (Obama, 2010).

When Congress enacted the Equal Pay Act in 1963, it was in an attempt to remedy the “ancient but outmoded belief that a man, because of his role in society, should be paid more than a woman even though his duties are the same (Bixler, 2005).” Due to the Equal Pay Act, women have seen a 30 percent increase in pay in relation to men’s in the last 30 to 40 years (Bixler, 2005), but it is still far from being the equality that Congress sought. Gender segregation, long-term low wages, and limitation of workable hours are all contributing factors to the current wage discrepancy, which is unacceptable. Women in the United States still earn only 77 cents to every dollar made by men, even though more women are college educated in comparison to men (Bixler, 2005). Women make up nearly half of the workforce, most...
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