Equal Opportunity in Education

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Equal Opportunity in Education
Brian Wesley Rubio
PSC 321 Professor Joseph Smith

Abstract
This paper will explore the causes of inequality in the United States public educational system while providing statistical information as well as professional testimonials of evidence of this inequality. The inequality that will be mainly focused on is the distribution of school funding, teachers, and supplies. This paper will also provide suggestions for progress in remedying these inequalities of the school systems.

Equal Opportunity in Education
In America today our public educational system helps millions of United States citizens learn crucial information that will be used for the rest of their lives. This education is a stepping stone for many American citizens into the American job market and higher educational venues and prepares our population in becoming good and upstanding citizens of the United States. The quality of many US citizen’s lives depends on the quality of the education that they will receive while with in the public educational system. Some of the main issues that may affect the quality of education that a school is able to produce are the amounts of funding compared to surrounding school districts and the quality of teachers and faculty that are employed. These issues become a problem because the amount of funding that a school may receive will in turn affect the amount that a school may be able to pay the teachers and faculty employed. The amount of funding may also affect the quality of crucial teaching supplies such as books and lab equipment and also the condition of the buildings which house the school. In this theory, funding becomes the basis of measurement of the quality of education that a school district will be able to produce and the distribution of this funding in America is not equal at this present time. I will show the inequalities through the distributed amounts of funding across economic classes while also looking at how this has affected SAT scores and graduation rates across poverty levels and races of the United States. To remedy these inequalities I have provided two proposals for improvement: equitable funding, and equity of quality teaching and faculty.

Public Education becomes a very important issue because creating well educated citizens with similar values and ethics will help strengthen the United States economy and relieve amounts of spending on American welfare and other programs which help our unequal society. “Economists and others have proposed many channels through which education may affect growth not merely the private returns to individuals' greater human capital but also a variety of externalities. For highly developed countries, the most frequently discussed externality is education investments' fostering technological innovation, thereby making capital and labor more productive, generating income growth”(Aghion, Boustan, Hoxby & Vandenbussche, 2009). Not only does the quality of education affect the individual but it also affects the ability of our Nation as whole to compete in the global economy. Having a highly educated society will help our great nation to better compete with the nations who have recently surpassed our industriousness and economic stability.

The benefits of having a well-educated society are great but the consequences of failing to ensure that this happens are far reaching. “The adverse impact is long term and reflected in future employment prospects, poverty and incarceration rates, as well as limited capacity to participate in the world community” ("Unequal opportunities in," 2006). The amount and quality of education that a U.S. citizen may receive will almost always affect the future of employment of the individual. “If you are 25 years old and have no high-school diploma, your chance of being unemployed isn't 7.6%; it's 12%. If you are African-American, it's 12.6%. If you have a bachelor's degree, it's 3.8%. The sharpest...
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