Emotional Quotient (EQ) is a way to measure how a person recognizes emotions in himself or herself and others, and manages these emotional states to work better as a group or team.
Intelligence Quotient (IQ) is a value that indicates a person's ability to learn, understand, and apply information and skills in a meaningful way. The major difference between EQ and IQ is what part of a person's mental abilities they measure: understanding emotion or understanding information. IQ or Intelligence Quotient is a measure of intelligence. A way to rate this for any individual is by taking an IQ test. An IQ test measures different types of abilities: verbal, memory, mathematical, spatial, and reasoning. This test has a preset standard based on a representative group of the population. The majority of people rank in at about 90-110. Generally, IQ tests actually test general intelligence. Many experts feel IQ tests are a measure of an individual's problem solving ability and not an actual measure of general intelligence. According to Daniel Goleman in his book, “Emotional Intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ”, it is likely that these leaders and managers have a high Emotional Intelligence Quotient or “EQ”. These people are recognized as stars within their organization and for their ability to work with people and accomplish great things.| |
So, what is EQ? Whereas, IQ is a measure of intellectual functioning, EQ is the capacity for effectively recognizing and managing our emotions and those of others. These star leaders and managers with their high Emotional Intelligence quotients often tend to have modest traditional academic IQ's and yet they manage people with much higher academic IQ’s. How is it possible that people with lower IQ’s are in management positions leading people with higher IQ’s?|
Do smarter people make better leaders? Although the general answer is "yes," it depends on what you mean by "smart." Almost a century of research on basic intelligence (what is referred to as "academic" or "verbal" intelligence - better known as IQ) suggests that IQ is slightly to moderately related to attaining a leadership position and to leader success. But that doesn't always fit with people's experience. Some who we consider geniuses don't always make good leaders, for example, scientists, brilliant mathematicians, breakthrough artists. On the other hand, we see leaders who don't appear particularly smart. One US congressman recently said, “you don't have to be a genius to be in Congress." So, IQ matters, but not as much as we might think. There are, however, other types of intelligence. In the past dozen or so years there has been huge interest in what is called "emotional intelligence" (EQ as opposed to IQ). Emotional intelligence is the ability to communicate with others at an emotional level, to use emotions to help guide decision making, to be able to regulate emotions, and possessing knowledge about emotions and emotional processes. Is EQ related to leadership? Yes, to some extent. It's important for creating good relationships between leaders and followers, and charismatic leaders seem to have an extraordinary ability to communicate at the emotional level. Again, however, the relationship between EQ and leadership is significant but small. But there is a third form of intelligence important for leaders, and it has not received much attention. Genius at Work
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Social intelligence is the ability to understand social situations, to play social roles, and to influence others. It involves being able to see others' perspectives and to understand the complex and abstract social norms, or informal "rules" that govern all types of social situations. Social intelligence is what some refer to as "street smarts" or "everyday intelligence. Our research suggests that social intelligence may be the most important type of intelligence for leaders, although all three types...