Topics: Epilepsy, Seizure, Absence seizure Pages: 3 (939 words) Published: April 21, 2013

Kayla Shuman

Epilepsy is a common and diverse set of chronic neurological disorders characterized by seizures. Which also means that the person has recurrent and provoked seizures, which is a result from abnormal, excessive or hyper synchronous neuronal activity in the brain or can be easier said as episodic abnormal electrical activity in the brain . As many as two and a half million Americans have epilepsy. Thirty percent of them are children under the age of 18. And there are 125,000 newly diagnosed cases each year. In many cases a cause cannot be identified and it becomes more common as people age. It can be controlled by medication, but cannot be cured. Not all epilepsy syndromes are life-long; some forms are confined to particular stages of childhood. The seizures are spontaneous or are triggered by different causes like : excitement , flashing lights, children with childhood absence epilepsy triggers hyperventilation , patients that have primary reading epilepsy which is triggered by reading, menstrual cycle by a woman and other different epilepsy syndromes. Epilepsy is classified by their clinical manifestations along with EEG data. The different types of epilepsy are ; Simple partial(no loss of consciousness), Complex partial ( impaired consciousness), Generalized absence( pt does not fall or convulse), generalized Tonic-Clonic (loss of consciousness and falls to ground) .Not only does this have effect on your bodily functions it also plays a big roll and danger in a dentists’ office. It defines the risk of the procedures for the patient, based primarily on the risk of seizures occurring during or shortly after the procedure, and, to a lesser degree, on the potential interaction between drugs for the procedure and for seizure control. It is important there is a well trained staff that has the knowledge of epilepsy and what to do. They should be alert on how the patient starts to act. Signs or symptoms of a...
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