Epilepsy is a common and diverse set of chronic neurological disorders characterized by seizures. Which also means that the person has recurrent and provoked seizures, which is a result from abnormal, excessive or hyper synchronous neuronal activity in the brain or can be easier said as episodic abnormal electrical activity in the brain . As many as two and a half million Americans have epilepsy. Thirty percent of them are children under the age of 18. And there are 125,000 newly diagnosed cases each year. In many cases a cause cannot be identified and it becomes more common as people age. It can be controlled by medication, but cannot be cured. Not all epilepsy syndromes are life-long; some forms are confined to particular stages of childhood. The seizures are spontaneous or are triggered by different causes like : excitement , flashing lights, children with childhood absence epilepsy triggers hyperventilation , patients that have primary reading epilepsy which is triggered by reading, menstrual cycle by a woman and other different epilepsy syndromes. Epilepsy is classified by their clinical manifestations along with EEG data. The different types of epilepsy are ; Simple partial(no loss of consciousness), Complex partial ( impaired consciousness), Generalized absence( pt does not fall or convulse), generalized Tonic-Clonic (loss of consciousness and falls to ground) .Not only does this have effect on your bodily functions it also plays a big roll and danger in a dentists’ office. It defines the risk of the procedures for the patient, based primarily on the risk of seizures occurring during or shortly after the procedure, and, to a lesser degree, on the potential interaction between drugs for the procedure and for seizure control. It is important there is a well trained staff that has the knowledge of epilepsy and what to do. They should be alert on how the patient starts to act. Signs or symptoms of a...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document