Page 1 of 5

Epicureanism vs. stoicism

Continues for 4 more pages »
Read full document

Epicureanism vs. stoicism

Page 1 of 5
Epicureanism Vs. Stoicism
Epicurus was a great philosopher that founded the Epicurean belief. He was born in 341 B.C. and met his demise in 270 B.C. He was an advocate for seeking out carnal desires; however, he also knew the significance of experiencing pain in life. Without suffering, people would indefinitely take everything for granted. Epicurus had a following of people that he taught to live modestly, within their means, in communities filled with individuals that had pleasant demeanors. His philosophy presented valid options for dealing with emotional distress and the many difficulties associated with life. He concluded that happiness is equivalent to the “absence of pain”. The people that are without friends are not better off, according to Epicurus. Friendship is one of the many great joys that make life worth living. He believed that happiness is a state of mind. (Bergsma) Epicureanism is a philosophy that deals with the belief that fear is both unnecessary and irrational. Greeks were afraid of the gods and this idea teaches that one should not live in fear. Fate is determined by the individual. If one plans out his or her life in the most virtuous way possible, they will lead fulfilling lives. Nothing should deserve cruelty. The fear of death was also a driving force behind this belief. (Strenger) Epicureanism Vs. Stoicism

Epicureanism was founded in the third century B.C. in a time wherein the citizens of Greece were constantly searching for answers. This philosophy was able to provide a way that people could find happiness. It took on religious proportions. The followers of this belief lived in their own small town. This community had a school wherein the ideals of Epicureanism were taught. The founder of the school was made to lead model life and was actually worshipped as if he was a god. Epicurus gave very detailed instructions on how to live this lifestyle in the way that he did. He warned against overindulging in luxurious things. Material...