Epic Poem, Arete and History of a Nation

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Section 1 Terms
* Epic poem- A long poem that tells the deeds of a great hero. * Arete- In early Greece the qualities of excellence that a hero strives to win in a struggle or contest.

Section 2 Terms
* Polis- The early Greek city-state, consisting of a city or town and its surrounding territory. * Acropolis- In early Greek city-states, a fortified gathering place at the top of a hill which was sometimes the site of temples and public buildings. * Agora- In early Greek city-states, an open area that served as a gathering place and as a market. * Hoplite- In early Greek military system, heavily armed foot soldiers. * Phalanx- A wall of shields created by foot soldiers marching close together in a rectangular formation. * Democracy- “the rule of the many” government by the people either directly or through their elected representative. * Oligarchy- “the rule of the few” a form of government in which a small group of people exercise controls. * Helot- In ancient Sparta, captive people who were forced to work for their conquerors. * Ephor- One of the five men elected each year in ancient Sparta who were responsible for the education of youth and the conduct of all citizens.

Section 3 Terms
* Age of Pericles- The period between 461 and 429 B.C. when Pericles dominated Athenian politics and Athens reached the height of its powers. * Direct Democracy- A system of government in which the people participate directly in government decision making through mass meeting. * Ostracism- In ancient Athens, the process for temporarily banning ambitious politicians from the city by popular vote.

Section 4 Terms
* Ritual- A ceremony or rite.
* Oracle- In ancient Greece, a sacred shrine where a god or goddess was said to reveal the future through a priest or priestess. * Tragedy- A form of drama that portrays a conflict between the protagonist and a superior force and having a protagonist who is brought to ruin or...
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