A 4-MAT Review System: Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity
The book, Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity (2004), Entwistle presents the reader with a number of key questions concerning the possibility of integration with two seemingly divergent disciplines: psychology (science) and theology. From the religious fundamentalist point of view, psychology is a godless discipline relying exclusively on empirical data that is observable and necessary for a client’s behavior modification. As for practitioners of the psychological discipline, their view of theology is oftentimes combative, relegating the notion of a sovereign God working in the affairs of His creation as nothing more than superstition and completely outside the proof tests employed by the scientific method. But Entwistle proposes that integration is not only possible, but necessary for both disciplines. The challenge, as Entwistle identifies it, is a matter of how we can modify our worldviews to accommodate the truth held in both disciplines. Humans, being finite creatures often fall short in their epistemological efforts in the search for truth. God is all truth, therefore His word would be sovereign over all things to include psychology and theology. Entwistle further emphasizes God’s sovereignty by defining Nature in all of its material manifestations as not our mother, but as our sister. Nature then is the result of the creativeness of God and not as the result of some ill-defined cosmological accident. (Entwistle, 2004, p. 116) Entwistle believes that our understanding about creation, science, all that we can see and cannot see is colored by the assumptions we hold in our worldviews. These worldviews affect the way we perceive the world around us and thus determine our actions. According to Entwistle, the expression of our worldviews naturally...