Environmental Science Internal Assessment

Topics: Population growth, Overpopulation, World population Pages: 10 (2181 words) Published: April 11, 2011
Project Title

An investigation into the impact of overpopulation and poverty in the community of Highgate for the past Ten (10) years.

Purpose of Project

This investigation was conducted to evaluate the impact of overpopulation and poverty on the community of Highgate for over the last 10 years. The aim is to evaluate the factors causing the growth of the population and the impact of population growth and poverty on the environment.


The researcher would like to express sincere gratitude to the individuals who contributed to the success of the investigation and the completion of this paper.


This school based assessment seeks to both investigate and describe the effect of overpopulation and poverty in Highgate over the last 10 years.

Statement Problem

The population of Jamaica has increased over 25% since the year 1990. Current demographic studies indicate the concentration of this population in most town and major cities of Jamaica as an environmentalist, select a community in Jamaica and evaluate the: * Effect of poverty

* Factors causing the growth of the population
* Provide suitable recommendations to the relevant authorities in order to minimize the environmental impact of the population growth.

Literature review

Overpopulation is a serious problem that will eventually have an extremely negative effect on our environment and our planet. Problems that arise due to overpopulation could prove fatal epidemic that will eventually wipe out the entire human race. This issue is often over looked due to the lack of knowledge and understanding of the subject or because most of us are “Blessed” that we are not affected first hand by the problem it is causing.

Overpopulation is a condition when organism’s number exceeds the carrying capacity of its habitat. This usually refers to the relation between the human population and its environment. Population is the total number human inhabitants of a specified area such as a city, country or continent at a give time. Population is determined by the interplay of two factors. One is the birth rate, or the number or people being born, and the other is death rate, or the number who died. The difference between the two is called the rate of natural increase. If the number of death is less than the number of births then the population is growing larger; consequently if the number deaths is greater than the number births then population is decreasing.

A major factor that is overlooked, sometime, is the idea that rapid growth will occur due to the larger size of the new reproductive generation in comparison with the much less past reproductive generations. This means that in the next 25 years about three (3) billion people will begin the reproductive phase of their lives while only 1.8 billion people will withdraw from that stage of life. Disease and medical advances that cause a decrease in death are also aspect that affects population. Education, economic activity and changes in standards. Thomas Robert Malthus (1798) was one of the first to study population. A population eventually becomes too big for its resources base, and the famine, war and disease will impose population limits. He has his own theory about population that states as follow “The power of population is indefinitely greater than the power in the earth to produce substances for man.” This is further explained by his belief that population increase geometrically, “while resources can only grow arithmetically.” This theory is obviously logically simply because without food everyone will become malnutrition and eventually starve to death.

The world has enough wealth to make it appear that there are no population issues, but the wealth does not do any good because of its uneven distribution. The less fortunate nation has greater birth because of poverty.

Poverty refers to the condition of not having the means to afford basic human needs, such...
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