Environmental psychology was established as an independent discipline in the 1950’s and 1960’s that studied the environmental features as well as human behavior in the physical and sociophysical environment. Research was focused to have a solid understanding of the environmental physical features of the environment and effect toward human behavior. At the beginning of environmental psychology research there were two theories about environmental environment and human behavior. The first theory is human behavior was affected by the physical environment. The second theory is human behavior is created by the natural environment. These theories were overshadowed by the development of person-in-place theory that includes the physical properties of the environment and the thought process and actions of people in the environment. Environmental psychology has evolved to include four parts. “Because of the influence of these different factors, present day environmental psychology can be characterized by four distinctive aspects: the attention paid to the physical characteristics of the environment in which human behavior occurs; the wide variety of the research methods adopted: the specific interest in problems with a clear social relevance, and the adoption of interdisciplinary collaboration practices with other environmental fields devoted to the design and management of everyday life environment” (Environmental Psychology, Overview, 2004). Five divisions have been incorporated into environmental psychology: spatial behavior, environmental cognition, environmental stress and restoration, environmental assessment, and environmental concern and resource management. Ozone depletion and climate change has caused ecologists to collaborate social and natural sciences to create environmental sustainability. “The growing interest of current...
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