Environmental protection is the main problem facing humanity nowadays. Ten years ago the world “ecology” hardly meant anything for the majority of people, but today we can’t help bearing it in our minds. It has happened because of the growing effect of the rapid industrial development of the natural world, which has negative features of its own. As a matter of fact the state of environment has greatly worsened of late. There is no doubt that soil, water and air are contaminated with toxic wastes. Over the past few years we have been constantly speaking about ozone holes, droughts, high level of radiation, about food contaminated with chemicals. Scientists in many countries are very much concerned about drastic (радикальный) changes in weather patterns. Weather patterns have been changing recently due to the global warming up the process and its major reason – the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect is created by carbon dioxide emissions, released from the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) in rich countries and a constantly increasing number of cars. Humans generate about 24 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide each year. It doesn't take long to realise that there is no realistic chance of solving the greenhouse problem by planting trees to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Firstly we'd have to plant something like the area of Australia, and secondly this would only take carbon from the atmosphere while the trees were growing. To solve this burning problem it is necessary for people to combine efforts to raise safety standards at all industrial facilities, to set up international space laboratory, to monitor the state of environment and set up an international centre for emergency environmental assistance. All these measures will help us in solving these important problems and prevent us from dangerous illnesses and diseases. A variety of environmental problems now affect our entire world. As...
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