Environmental Issues, Its Effects and Ways of Alleviating the Crises

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Background of the Study
The state of the environment is an issue that involves each and every member of the society. It is a concern that every learned man must be familiar with. According to Weiss (1992), it is possible that in this generation no country can effectively solve these environmental issues on its own. To name a few, the problems include pollution of the atmosphere, of marine life, of coastal and inland waters, and of all areas reached by acid rain. According to the World Resources Institute [WRI, 1997], half of the forests that originally covered 46% of the Earth's land surface are gone. Only one-fifth of the Earth's original forests remain pristine and undisturbed. 60% of the world's coral reefs, which contain up to one-fourth of all marine species, could be lost in the next 20-40 years (Burke, 1998). Between 10 and 20 percent of all species will be driven to extinction in the next 20 to 50 years (1994). Hundreds of thousands of sea turtles and marine mammals are entangled and drowned by irresponsible fishing practices every year. More than 20 percent of the world's known 10,000 freshwater fish species have become extinct, been threatened, or endangered in recent decades (Harrison and Stiassny, 1999). Sixty percent of the world's important fish stocks are threatened from overfishing (Burke, 2004). Global warming is expected to increase the Earth's temperature by 3°C (5.4°F) in the next 100 years, resulting in multiple adverse effects on the environment and human society, including widespread species loss, ecosystem damage, flooding of populated human settlements, and increased natural disasters. An estimated 40-80 million people have been forcibly evicted and displaced from their lands to make way for the construction of large dams, resulting in economic and social devastation for these people (Harrison and Stiassny, 1999). In the Philippines, natural disasters such as flashfloods, landslides, typhoons, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and tsunamis are often experienced because the country astride in the active volcanic region known as the Pacific Ring of Fire. The Philippines also suffers major human-caused environmental degradation aggravated by a high population growth rate, including loss of agricultural lands, deforestation, soil erosion, air and water pollution, improper disposal of solid and toxic wastes, loss of coral reefs, mismanagement and abuse of coastal resources, and overfishing. (“Environmental issues in the Philippines”, 2009) The unceasing deterioration of the environment appears to be a worldwide issue, which is why it needs global effort in order to alleviate the environmental crises that the world faces for decades.

Statement of the Problem
The environment continues to deteriorate as time pass by. A variety of environmental problems now affect the entire world.  As globalization continues and the earth's natural processes transform local problems into international issues, few societies are being left untouched by major environmental problems. Mankind is one of the causes of the environmental issues such as pollution, global warming and greenhouse effect. Human activities have affected the earth’s air, land and waters. Sometimes, these effects have rebounded to hurt human beings, as well as others. The purpose of this study is to obtain material and data regarding the global status of the environment which can be used by interested parties in obtaining an objective sample of information from which to draw their respective opinions. The purpose of this study is to answer the following questions: 1. What is the current state of the environment?

2. What are the methods of alleviating environmental crises? 3. What organizations are responsible for the environment in the Philippines? 4. What are the natural disasters and calamities associated with the trend of global warming?

Scope and Limitation
. The study focused on the current...
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