Environment Profile of Tirunelveli District

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  • Topic: Tirunelveli, Western Ghats, Population
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  • Published : September 13, 2012
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AIMS Research, Chennai – 600 018.

Directorate of Environment, GTN.

Environment Profile for Tirunelveli District

Chapter

1
1.0 The Context
The Department of Environment (DoE) is the nodal department for dealing with environmental management of the State. The State has been endowed with multitude of natural resources, judicious management of which will ensure sustainable development in v–all sectors. Effective resources management calls for an in-depth assessment of their existing conditions and trends. A cursory evaluation of the present status of our

environment and natural resources including land, soil, water & air, and the life support systems like forests, rivers & coastal areas indicates that the health of such systems is threatened by serious levels of degradation. Though different Government Departments / Agencies are responsible for management of resources under their jurisdiction, information relating to the individual sector lies fragmented. To manage the environment in a holistic manner and to develop the environment friendly sustainable development perspective, it becomes necessary to identify the gaps in the present management of resource bases. Such intervention would be realistic when data collected from the primary/secondary sources, compiled and presented in the form of

Tirunelveli District Environment Profile – Final Report

1

AIMS Research, Chennai – 600 018.

Directorate of Environment, GTN.

district environment profiles, provide a strong database. Thus the AIMS Research (A Joint Venture of TCW/ICICI, IDBI and ICICI)

– a leading consultancy and research organisation has

been engaged for the preparation of such a report. The report will form the basis for developing Environmental Management Plans at District level and this will spell out specific action programs to be implemented by local/state institutions. This report provides a brief account of the manner in which the District Environment Profile for Tirunelveli District has been prepared and presented. To achieve certain degree of uniformity in the presentation of environmental data in the districts, it is considered necessary that certain forms are adopted for collection and presentation of the relevant data besides interpretations of the data thus collected. Accordingly the data compiled in the prescribed formats have been synthesised and presented in the following chapters.

Chapter

2
2.0
2.1

Background
Location and Area
Tirunelveli, the name has been composed from the three Tamil words i.e. "Thiru-Nel-Veli” i.e. "Scared paddy Hedge". This district is fertile on account of the river Tambaraparni. In most parts of Tirunelveli district, paddy is the main (cultivation) crop. On the whole the district looks green always. The district is bounded on the north by Virudhunagar district, on the east by Tuticorin district, and Travancore areas of Kerala State and Kanyakumari district on the west. The Gulf of Mannar bound the southern side. In the west, hills of the Western Ghats ranging from 1000 to 2000 metres form the dominant boundary.

2.2

History
The history of this district is bound up with that of the Pandya just like Madurai and Ramanathapuram areas. Even earlier, a pre-historic race is said to have occupied this land. During the later half of the 18th century, the East India Company was frequently at war with the Poligars on behalf of the Carnatic Nawab in Tirunelveli and Madurai. With the fall of Tippu in 1799, British concentrated their force in the south and suppressed the Poligars. At about this time, the Nawab of Carnatic became powerless and left the management of

Tirunelveli District Environment Profile – Final Report

2

AIMS Research, Chennai – 600 018.

Directorate of Environment, GTN.

the territory to the British. The Nawab was pensioned off and the management of the revenues of Tirunelveli was made over to the British in 1801 under a treaty. Thus the British rule started...
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