The proposed Navi Mumbai International Airport is a new international airport, which is to come up at Kopra-Panvel area, is being built through public-private partnership (PPP) — with private sector partner getting 74% equity while Airports Authority of India (AAI) and Govt of Maharashtra (through City and Industrial Development Corporation or CIDCO) holding 13% each. Objections
1. Union Ministry of Environment and Forests on the current proposed location of the Navi Mumbai International airport near Kopra-Panvel area, apparently because the construction of the airport would involve reclamation of low-lying areas in an ecologically fragile zone as well as destruction of several hectares of Mangroves. 2. Its construction would damage mangrove cultivation in the 2,000 hectares, besides the diversion of Gadhi and Ulwe rivers, which according to the Union Environment and Forests Ministry is a very serious issue considering the destruction Mumbai faced during the 26th July 2005 floods. As a result of these new developments other locations were considered The original option of locating near Rewas Mandwa.
The proposed airport site is centered around the region of Rewas and Mandwa near Alibaug, where the original proposal of second international airport existed on all regional development plans, and the location was commented to be the most fit and correct barring the excessive financial cost involved in building a sea-link/creek bridge over the Karanja Creek connecting Uran - JNPT area to the proposed airport at Rewas Mandwa. It is only at a distance of 20 nautical miles (37 km) by sea makes it an viable location.
The other option of locating near Kalyan – Nevali
The second option includes the one off village Newali near Kalyan-Ambernath 55 km away from the current airport in Mumbai. There exists an old and abandoned air-strip of World War II era and the Union Defence Ministry owns the 1,500 acres (6.1 km2) of land on which it is located. The proposal was centered around those 1,500 acres (6.1 km2) of land.
Both options were later ruled out and the site was finalised at Panvel.
Q.1. The mangroves act as holding ponds during high tides and floods. Where will this water go after the mangroves are reclaimed by huge heights of embankments. Mangrove forests are among the most productive terrestrial eco systems and are natural and are a renewable resource. Mangroves are not a marvel just for their adaptations but also for the significant role they play in our environment. Importance of Mangroves
1. Mangrove ecosystem act as Buffer Zone between the land and sea. 2. Mangroves protect the coast against erosion due to wind, waves, water currents and protect coral reefs, sea-grass bed and shipping lanes against siltation. 3. They are also known to absorb pollutants.
4. In mangrove areas water level is shallow , ideal place for growing of sea algae and for spawning for fish and marine animals 5. Purify the water by absorbing impurities and harmful heavy metals and help us to breathe a clean air by absorbing pollutants in the air. 6. The tidal swamp is an ideal sanctuary for avifauna some of which are migratory 7. Mangrove forests are also important in terms of aesthetics and tourism. Benefits of Navi Mumbai Airport Project
1. Project opens-up the state’s vast hinterland rich in agriculture, floriculture, hi-tech high value industries to world market. 2. Navi Mumbai is expected to absorb the future growth in population, business and commercial activity of the region. 3. The availability of physical and social infrastructure coupled with environmental friendly site with minimum resettlement and rehabilitation makes the Navi Mumbai airport project technically and financially viable. 4. The growth in resident population in Navi Mumbai, rapid development of its Central Business District, coupled with economic...