November 14, 2011
What is Environmental Psychology?
Psychology is a science that studies behavior. Environmental psychology studies behavior in relation to the physical environment. Environment can be anything around a person. Each person is different and how he or she reacts to his or her environment. To study environmental psychology, a person needs to look at different approaches and the importance of research to arrive at an idea. Definition of Environmental Psychology
Environmental psychology is an interdisciplinary field that focuses on the behavior between people and their environment. Many people feel comfortable in one environment and not another. This field can find why that is. Each person is unique. The environment is also unique. The environment consists of pets, plants, and other objects including people. Environmental psychology is holistic and natural. This also studies the animals or people in their natural surroundings. The surrounding can have a profound influence on a person’s behavior (Clayton & Myers, 2009). Human behavior was the result of the physical environment (2004). Various factors contribute to the emergence of this field. “Present day environmental psychology can now be characterized by four aspects: the attention paid to the physical characteristics of the environment in which human behavior occurs; the wide variety of research methods adopted; the specific interest in problems with a clear social relevance, and the adoption of interdisciplinary collaboration practices with other field” according to the encyclopedia of applied science (2004). Theoretical Approaches
Environmental psychology uses many perspectives to explain the interaction between behavior, experience, and environment. The theories borrow principles from the different fields of psychology. One is arousal theory and the other is stimulus load theory. Arousal theory is a...