Environment

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1.0 INTRODUCTION

An environment is a complex of external factors that acts on a system and determines its course and form of existence. An environment may be thought of as a superset, of which the given system is a subset. An environment may have one or more parameters, physical or otherwise. The environment of a given system must necessarily interact with that system.

Generally, the environment or milieu of some object or action consists of the substances, circumstances, objects, or conditions by which it is surrounded or in which it occurs. (Although the two terms are usually synonyms, some sciences prefer the less common milieu to avoid confusion with the more well-known meanings of environment in ecology, politics, and sociology.

1.1 AIM

This study was conducted to identify and study the life within an area of study and how to function and interact with each generation, especially in the ecosystem balance in the area.

1.2 OBJECTIVE

There are several objectives that were set as:
1) To identify the types of living things (plants / animals) found in the study area 2) To investigate and observe how each element works and interact with each other. 3) To observe at the ecosystem in the study area and how it works.

2.0 STUDY AREA

The study area was chosen is Taman Hutan Lipur Bukit SUK, Shah Alam, Selangor. The park is located in Shah Alam Section 5 of the complex next to the court and close to the Mosque Shah Alam. In addition this area is located in the back of the Secretariat building, and it has a way of connecting with the Secretariat building. The park has a total area of 29 hectares of the building that houses the Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, Mais Complex building, the building complex of the Court, the Royal tomb and monument to the State. It is as if surrounded by a beautiful garden.

There have a few facilities such as oilets, parking areas, lakes, children's playground, the tower looked away, floating bridge and walkway 4243m. It is divided into two by Persiaran Sultan of the area bounded on the way in. of Eden Drive, Persiaran Masjid and the road from Persiaran Sultan involved Royal tomb (19 hectares) and the adjoining road from Persiaran Sultan, Persiaran Masjid, Persiaran Officer to the building next to the Court (10 hectares).

The park has two ponds and a reservoir area of eight hectares, is located at the foot of SS. It serves as a supplier of water to East Lake. Various facilities include a recreational forest, cycling and jogging other people who like fishing may conduct such activities in the park.

3.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
What is an Ecosystem?
An ecosystem is an integrated system of organisms interacting with their physical environment. Energy and materials cycle through these organisms and their environment, including soil, sediment, water, and the atmosphere.

Ecosystems serve as a framework for understanding the diversity of the Earth’s physical and biological processes. Because organisms interact with the physical environment at all scales-from microscopic to global-ecosystem boundaries are by definition a human construct. Nevertheless, defining discrete ecosystem units can be useful for management or conservation purposes. Ecosystems are dynamic interactions between plants, animals, and microorganisms and their environment working together as a functional unit. Ecosystems will fail if they do not remain in balance. No community can carry more organisms than its food, water, and shelter can accomodate. Food and territory are often balanced by natural phenomena such as fire, disease, and the number of predators. Each organism has its own niche, or role,to play.

How an ecosystem works?

An ecosystem refers to all the living organisms and their non-living environment within a given area. Note that this definition includes two components; the living component which consists of the animals, plants and microbes, and the non-living component which refers to...
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