Entrepreneurship Readiness and New Ventures Development

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dEvEloPMENt: iSSuES aNd iMPliCatioNS oF ENtREPRENEuRial EduCatioN iN MEXiCaN uNivERSitiES. Ricardo d. Álvarez///SiMÓ-BoSCH Consulting

Previous research has demonstrated a positive relationship between perceived self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention.
A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out to
assess the impact of entrepreneurship education on students’ perceived self-efficacy, intentions and orientation within three selected universities in the city of Tijuana,
A survey was conducted and data was collected utilizing
previously developed instruments. Results were compared and analyzed, identifying the correlations that exist between entrepreneurial education experience and reported levels of entrepreneurial self-efficacy, orientation and intentions.

If universities do not promote entrepreneurship education, it is expected that students would be less likely to pursue new business ventures after school. Our research
results although limited, may be useful for university decision makers interested in supporting and establishing formal entrepreneurship coursework in Mexican universities. Such support is necessary in order to facilitate new businesses creation in the country which may lead to future gains in economic growth and development. Raúl Domínguez, ‹‹‹ Joven de sueño

Investigaciones anteriores han demostrado que existe
una relación positiva entre la auto-eficacia percibida y la intención emprendedora
Se realizó un estudio comparativo en tres universidades
de la ciudad de Tijuana, México, para evaluar el impacto
que la educación para el emprendimiento tiene en la auto-eficacia percibida, las intenciones y las orientaciones de los estudiantes.
Se levantó una encuesta para obtener información utilizando instrumentos previamente desarrolladas. Los resultados fueron comparados y analizados identificando



la correlación entre la experiencia de recibir educación
emprendedora y los niveles reportados de auto eficacia,
orientación e intención emprendedoras.
Si las universidades no promueven la educación emprendedora es de esperarse que los alumnos no intenten comenzar nuevos negocios al terminar sus estudios. Los resultados de nuestro estudio, aunque son limitados,

pueden ser de utilidad para las universidades en México
que se interesen en apoyar y establecer formalmente la
educación emprendedora como parte de sus programas
de estudio. Este apoyo por parte de las universidades es
fundamental para la apertura de nuevos negocios en el
país, que pudieran aumentar el crecimiento económico y
el desarrollo del mismo.

Escuela de Negocios /// CESUN-Universidad • Vol. 1 • núm. 2 • Octubre 2008 • pp. 18-35.

1. iNtRoduCtioN
Over the last few years the entrepreneurship phenomenon in Mexico has gained considerable attention among government officials, small business developers, private investors and the academic
community, as a way of promoting self-employment
and economic development. But new venture creations in Mexico have shown limited outcomes, in terms of jobs generation and well-being.
By almost any index Mexico has historically struggled in the last century with economic and social growth. For example, A. T. Kearney’s (2005) wellrespected Globalization Index ranks Mexico 42nd in the world and the United Nations Human Development Reports (2003) ranks Mexico 53rd in its Human Development Index. Recently, however, Mexico appears to have made a commitment to transform into a competitive nation by privatizing state-owned industries, reducing international commerce barriers and tariffs, attracting foreign investment, and establishing free-trade agreements (NAFTA) with neighbors such as the United States and Canada (Young & Welsch, 1993). However, to sustain the changes,

a strong and capable group of domestic entrepreneurs are needed in Mexico. According to Wachtel (1999),...
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