Entity-relationship Model and Senior Citizen

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The Research Design

The descriptive method of research was used for this study. To define the descriptive type of research, Creswell (1994) stated that the descriptive method of research is to gather information about the present existing condition. The emphasis is on describing rather than on judging or interpreting. The aim of descriptive research is to verify formulated hypotheses that refer to the present situation in order to elucidate it. The descriptive approach is quick and practical in terms of the financial aspect.  Moreover, this method allows a flexible approach, thus, when important new issues and questions arise during the duration of the study, further investigation may be conducted.   

Descriptive research on the other hand is a type of research that is mainly concerned with describing the nature or condition and the degree in detail of the present situation.  This method is used to describe the nature of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study and to explore the cause/s of particular a phenomenon.  The aim of descriptive research is to obtain an accurate profile of the people, events or situations.

The researcher used this kind of research to get first hand data from the respondents so as to make conclusions for the study. The descriptive approach is quick and practical in terms of the financial aspect. 

Participant of the study

For this study, a participant was considered to exhibit interpretive skills. As part of the analysis, the participants were assessed for whether or not they provided elaborate or circumscribed interpretations of the sources. Numerous possible interpretations and detailed analysis of the sources indicated a higher level of interpretation skill (Wineburg, 1991, 2001; Fehn, 1997). 

Data Gathering Procedures

i. Procedures done to gather data
1. Scheduling time for the interview
2. Preparation of interview questions, or script
3. Documentation of the facts and information gathered during the interview 4. Review of the interview write up with the interviewee
5. Correction of the write up, and filing
1.Goals in interview
a) Gather information on the purpose
b) Gather information on processes or activities
c) Uncover problems
d) Conduct a needs resolve
e) Verification of previously gathered facts
f) Gather opinions or viewpoints
g) Provide information

Statistical Methods/ Procedures, Statistical mean


The researcher used the interview as the main data-gathering instrument for this study. This process may take a lot of time and effort but at least we can immediately get the true feelings and opinions of the respondents. An interview is "a formal face-to-face meeting, especially, one arranged for the assessment of the qualifications of an applicant, as for employment or admission. A conversation, as one conducted by a reporter, in which facts, or statements are elicited from another." (The American Heritage Dictionary, Second College Edition) CHAPTER 3


Design Analysis of the Present Existing System
The following are the procedure done in DSWD using ERD. A. Personal Information

B. Benefits

C. Financial Assistant

Technical Specification
i. Software Requirements
The Senior Citizen Monitoring System runs on windows 2000 or higher version for the workstation of this operating system was used for software development. Database requires setting up Microsoft Access. Printer is also needed for printing process.

ii. Hardware Requirements

|Equipments |Model/Brand |Estimated Cost | |Processor |Intel Core 2 Duo E4500 |PHP. 5,500.00 | |Mother...
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