English Stylistics Terms List

Onomatopoeia – rabbit (frog), quack (duck), bark (dog), roar (lion) and meow (cat), cuckoo. Alliteration - James Thomson's verse "Come…dragging the lazy languid Line along", "some mammals are clammy". Assonance – yellow wedding bells, "It beats . . . as it sweeps . . . as it cleans!" (Slogan for Hoover vacuum cleaners). Rhyme - "I am not a lean mean spitting machine."(Bart Simpson, The Simpsons), "The popularitie of Rime creates as many Poets as a hot summer flies." (Thomas Campion, 1602) Bathos - The ballerina rose gracefully en pointe and extended one slender leg behind her, like a dog at a fire hydrant. Metaphor - "Her eyes were glistening jewels", "leafy golden sunset". Metonymy - "London" United Kingdom, British government, "lending ear (attention)", "crown" for "royalty". Synecdoche - ABCs for alphabet, "England won the World Cup in 1966", All hands on deck. Personification - The wind stood up and gave a shout, "Fear knocked on the door. Faith answered. There was no one there." (proverb quoted by Christopher Moltisanti, The Sopranos) Simile - "Life is like an onion: You peel it off one layer at a time, and sometimes you weep." (Carl Sandburg). "My face looks like a wedding-cake left out in the rain." (W.H. Auden) Euphemism - such as "passed away", kick the bucket for died, "retarded"- "mentally challenged", "with an intellectual disability", "learning difficulties" and "special needs", fat- overweight. Hyperbole - "The bag weighed a ton".

Cliché - Pearls of wisdom = wise words or advice; better late then never; fit to be tied - very angry or upset. Proverbs and sayings - "Out of sight, out of mind," "Penny wise, pound foolish," "A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.", "Time heals all wounds.", "Use soft words and hard arguments." (English proverb). Epigram - "The more corrupt the state, the more numerous the laws." (Tacitus) "I am not young enough to know everything."(Oscar Wilde);"Arguments are to be avoided; they are always vulgar and...
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