English Solved

Topics: Earth, Mobile phone, Sun Pages: 6 (1887 words) Published: March 5, 2013
IGNOU FEG-02 Solved Assignment 2013 Free
Foundation Course in English-2 (FEG-02)
Course Code: FEG-02
Assignment Code: FEG-2/TM A/2012-13
Max. Marks: 100
All Questions are compulsory
1. Read the following passage and make notes in the appropriate formal. (15) 'The perpetual cycle of change which has created the face of the Earth, with all its rugged and Fascinating variety usually happens too slowly to be noticed. But occasionally it is rapid and Violent. Volcanoes disgorge molten lava; earthquakes rip open the landscape, landslides, carry away Whole mountainsides. Then human beings become aware of the awesome forces that are shaping their planet. These forces are fuelled by three powerful sources of energy - heat from within the Earth, heat from the Sun, and the force of gravity. Every landform in the world has been shaped by these ttu.ee energy sources. 'The continents that drift across the surface of the globe, setting off volcanoes and earthquakes and Building mountains are driven by heat from the Earth's interior which has a temperature of about 5000"C (9000'F).

Most of this heat is created by the breakdown of radioactive elements. Earth is unique among the planets of the Solar System in having liquid water on the surface and water has a major role in shaping the planet. The warmth of the Sun evaporates water from sea and lakes. The vapor rises and condenses to form clouds and then falls again as rain and snow. It is then that its landscaping powers begin, weathering rocks and washing away the loose material. Or grinding down the landscape under the power of a glacier. The Sun's heat also produces the and the waves that scour the land.

The third force - gravity - causes the tides, which nibble away at the edges of continents, a Landslides which alter the shape of mountains. Under the influence of gravity. rain works its way downwards as streams and rivers, carving the terrain. On its journey, it carries fragments of rock and sand to be deposited on the ocean floor. And over thousands of years more rock which may then be buckled and lifted up by movement of the Earth's crust to form new mountains. {source: Readers Digest, Discovering the Wonders of our World a guide to natures Sciences marvels]

Wonders of planet earth
Point of discussion
* Wonders of planet earth which not seen by human beings
* Because of volcanoes humans became aware of the things beneath the planet. * How volcano and earthquakes came into existence.
Sources of energy for earth
* There are three sources of energy
* Heat from sun, heat within the earth and force of gravity * These sources leads to volcanoes and earthquakes
How it all works
* Heat within the earth throws out lava when overheated
* Heat from sun evaporates water and leads to rain fall which plays imp role in shaping the planet. * Gravity causes the tides which nibble away at the edges of the continents which alter the shape of mountain.

2. Write a summary of the passage given above and suggest an appropriate title. (15)

Wonders of planet earth

In the above passage the author is talking about the wonders of earth which are not known to the people and are now coming in the eyes of people slowly. He is talking about the powers of the earth which are within it and are coming out through sources like volcanoes. Volcano has a huge amount of heat which it throws out when overheated. Our planet has three sources of heat energy they can be heat from within the earth, heat from sun and force of gravity. These three sources of energy play a vital role in forming the volcanoes and earth quakes. These sources generate as many as heat as 5000 degree C which is equal to 9000 degree F. most of the heat is created by breakdown of radioactive elements. He also explains how the water cycle on earth works. Water on earth gets evaporated and goes to sun which forms the clouds in sky and at a time it comes back...
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