English Oral Communication

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You are the president of the Parent-Teacher Association (PTA) at an urban school. At the last association meeting, many parents expressed their concern about the poor performance of their children, particularly in Mathematics, science and the English language. They felt that the school should work harder towards improving the teaching and learning of these subject. The PTA could assist but the association does not have enough funds (money) to carry out its projects for the school. you wish to speak about this problem and suggest some solutions at the forthcoming meeting.

(a)Which of the following speech types will best describe your speech: informative, Persuasive, negotiation, or argumentative speech? Give reason for your answer.

Persuasive speech will be the best speech type in this situation, because persuasive speech aims to influence the audiences’ attitude, value or behavior, and convince your audience to take action. In this case, the PTA can conduct a meeting, in purpose of fund raising for the project or conduct the corresponding campaign, so the speech must aim to persuade the audience to help out in this project to raise enough funds to carry out the project.

(b)Briefly outline the problem that the PTA needs to address. What actions can the members of the association take? The problems that PTA needs to address are:
1. The poor performance of the students in the subjects of mathematics, science, and the English language. 2. Moreover the association does not have enough funds to carry out its projects for the school. In order to resolve the above problems, the most effective way to improve the performance of subject mathematics, science, and English language is to encourage students to participate in the tuition classes on the above subjects, and participate in the extracurricular activities such as mathematics club, English club, and science club. The PTA could conduct a meeting to deliver the information to audience and persuade the audience to support the proposed solutions.

(c) What form of oral communication will your intended PTA speech be? Briefly describe the model of communication that clearly explains how your public speech could work most effectively. My intended PTA speech will be in the form of public communication since this form of oral communication is commonly used to inform or persuade the audience to act, buy, or think in a certain way. The PTA propose plan to conduct the tuition classes and extracurricular activities. Therefore,the PTA must encourage and persuade the audience to participate the fundraising activities,so this form of public communication will do the best. The best communication model for this situation is the Linear Model. The Linear Model views communication as one-way or linear process in which the speaker speaks and the listener listen.

Who (said)
in what channel
to whom
With what effect

Laswell’s (1948) model was based on the five question above
According the Laswell’s(1948), the five questions are: who(said), what, in what channel, to whom=with what effect?
In this speech, the speaker is the president of the PTA, who will tell the audience about the poor performance in the subjects of English language, Science, and Mathematics, as well as the lack of funding to resolve the above issues. In the meeting, the PTA will also propose solutions for the above problems and issue a notice to inform the audience to support the proposed solutions and participate in a series of activities proposed in the meeting (in what channel). The targeted audiences are teachers, parents, and school principals (To whom), and the purpose is to persuade the audiences to support the PTA’s decisions.

(d) What is the social context of your speech and who are the participants? Assuming that your audience will be multicultural, analyse its needs so that these can be addressed in the speech. The targeted participants are teachers...
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