English Grammar: Questions on Rules, History, and Usage of Grammar

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1. What are the main notions of syntax?
a) phrase
b) sentence
c) parts of sentence
d) all the mentioned above
2. What does the term “syntax” mean?
a) relations between the words of a phrase or a sentence b) relations between the words of a phrase
c) relations between the words of a sentence
3. What is a phrase?
a) a language unit consisting of at least two primary parts of speech b) a language unit consisting of at least two primary parts of speech which presuppose each other both structurally and semantically c) a language unit consisting of any free combination of two or more words 4. What phrase types are there in Modern English as to Brkhudarov L.S.? a) coordinate

b) subordinate
c) predicative
d) all the above mentioned
5. What subtypes of a coordinate phase are there in English? a) syndetic
b) asyndetic
c) both mentioned above
6. What is a “subordinate phrase”?
a) a language unit consisting of at least one “head word” and one “adjunct” word b) a language unit consisting of only “head words” c) a language unit consisting of only adjunct words

7. What is a predicative phrase?
a) one consisting of subject-predicate structure
b) one consisting of the doer of the action and the action (a process or state) c) one consisting of at least two elements representing “predicativity” 8. What is a sentence?
a) a breath group
b) subject-predicate structure
c) a communicative unit expressing a complete thought d) all the above mentioned
9. What structural types of a sentence do you know?
a) simple
b) composite
c) mixed
d) all mentioned above
10. What is a two-member sentence?
a) one that has only two words
b) one that has both primary parts
c) one that has primary and secondary parts
11. What is a one-member sentence?
a) one that has one word
b) one that has only one member
c) one that has only one member which is neither a subject nor a predicate 12. What parts of the sentence are called principal (or primary)? a) subject, predicate
b) predicate, object, apposition
c) attribute, adverbial modifier
d) the first two mentioned above
13. What parts of the sentence are called secondary?
a) object, attribute
b) adverbial modifier, apposition
c) direct address, parenthesis, adverbial modifier
d) the first and the second mentioned above
14. What parts of the sentence may be considered to be “tertiary” parts? a) adverbial modifier
b) apposition
c) parenthesis, direct address, inserted and introductory elements d) only the first two mentioned above
15. What is a composite sentence?
a) one that consists of at least two simple sentences either coordinated or subordinated b) one that consists of more than two clauses subordinated c) one that has more than two clauses coordinated

d) one that has at least two clauses introduced asyndetically 16. What is a compound sentence?
a) one that has at least two clauses coordinated
b) one that has at least two clauses subordinated
c) one that has more than three clauses either coordinated and subordinated 17. What is a clause?
a) a component of a composite sentence equal to a simple sentence b) an independent sentence
c) any sentence
18. What is an elliptical sentence?
a) one that has some elliptical part or parts
b) one that has subject omitted
c) one that has predicate omitted
d) one that has only primary (principal parts)
19. What is a functional sentence perspective?
a) a...
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