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English Democracy After 1660

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English Democracy After 1660

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Events in England after 1660, including The Bill of Rights, represented a complete triumph of democracy. Before anything further it is important to actually know the meaning of democracy. Democracy is the free and equal right of all individuals to participate in a system of government. Modern day America is democratic because everyone at age 18 is allowed to vote and run for public office. Whether or not you considered democracy in England a complete triumph, there were certainly strides toward a more democratic government. I disagree to the statement. Mainly due to the most important word in that statement “complete.”

One of democracy’s famous quotes is “For the people, By the people.” This represents how common people have rule and even power over what the government does. In England during this time, Parliament had an abundance of power. However, a monarchy still existed. After James II was dethroned, William and Mary became the King and Queen of England. “They (King and Queen) reign but do not rule.” This shows how the King and Queen still had influence on the English government, but not enough power to be considered a monarchy. 1689 the Bill of Rights was made. This document had many elements to the Parliaments power; one and most importantly, nothing could be passed by the King and Queen unless passed by Parliament first. This shows how the King and Queen still had power, although insufficient.

As you may know, one of the most important aspects of democracy is that of an individual’s freedom. One freedom is the freedom of worship. This allows anyone to practice any religion of their choice without consequence. In 1673, an act was established hindering this freedom. The Test Act, issued by Parliament, decimated the rights of Catholics. The Test Act stated that no Catholic can be an active part of the military. Also Catholics could not attend school at Oxford or Cambridge. Also Catholics could not hold any form of public office. A normal democracy...

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