AP US History
English Colonies in North America
Before the seventeenth century, countries such as Portugal and Spain had controlled the rich lands of the Americas, and England was left out of the race due to religious conflict back home. However, when Queen Elizabeth came into power, England’s power also rose in the colonial game in the America. Some of the first colonies they gathered are the ones of Virginia and Carolina. They also acquired the colonies of Massachusetts Bay and Rhode Island. Pennsylvania and New York were other colonies that they gathered too. These six colonies are a part of the famous first thirteen colonies that we know of today, and their formation and purposes helped to form America into the nation it is today.
The colonies of the Chesapeake and Southern regions included many colonies, and two of the most important ones include Virginia and Carolina. Virginia first became a colony through the settling of Jamestown, in 1607. Jamestown was sponsored by the Virginia Company of London, and founded primarily for the purpose of gold, and in the hopes of finding a Northwest Passage to India. It was originally intended on being formed for a profit motive, not a permanent settlement. The first people to settle Jamestown were one hundred “gentlemen,” not hunters or farmers. This led to the famous “starving time” during the winter of 1609, and they did not begin to become successful until Captain John Smith imposed order on the colony. However, as the years went by, Jamestown spread into Virginia. It was named “Virginia,” after the queen of the time period, the “Virgin Queen,” Queen Elizabeth. The expansion was due to the huge appetite for tobacco that had started in England after John Rolfe “perfected” tobacco in 1612. Most of the labor for this primary crop of the colony came from indentured servants. Another colony that was formed early on in the colonial pursuit of the Americas was the colony of Carolina. Carolina was originally founded...
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