English Banking Concept Essay

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Kaleb Blackburn
English l
Period 1
English Banking Concept Essay

When considering what the proper form of education is many different concepts come to mind. One of the most controversial concepts is known as the banking concept of education, in which students are required to memorize facts and later on be tested on them. Another important component of education is the relationship between the teacher and their students. Many argue on what the proper makeup of a successful educative system should consist of and whether or not the banking concept of education is a resourceful and effective way of teaching Paulo Freire was an ideologist whose unique ideas have shaped the modern usage of education. The “banking concept,” as termed by Freire, is essentially an act that hinders the educational growth of students by turning them into, “receptors” and “collectors” of information that have no real connection to their lives. What Freire means by this is that the banking concept imposes a schism between a person (teacher and/or student) and the “real world”, resulting in the evident demise of his or her true consciousness, since the former can only be realized through the relationships and connections the individual draws from the material to their life. In this view, Freire claims that by assuming the roles of teachers as depositors and students as receptors, the banking concept thereby changes humans into objects. Humans (as objects) have no autonomy and therefore no ability to rationalize and conceptualize knowledge at a personal level. And because of this initial misunderstanding, the method itself is a system of oppression and control.

The banking concept is a chance for instructors (or "oppressors," as he calls them) to fill students with information as they submissively accept it; in his vision of education, there is no reciprocal learning or sharing between teacher and student. In the banking concept of education, knowledge is a gift bestowed by those...
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